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Many Australians need to lose a few kilos. New diets, programs and books telling us how to lose weight appear every day, but it's important to follow an eating and exercise plan that will help you stay healthy in the long term.

Nearly two thirds of Australians are overweight or obese. Carrying extra weight increases your risk of chronic diseases like heart disease and stroke, type 2 diabetes and some cancers. If you are above a healthy weight, losing just a few kilos can lower your risk of health problems.

To lose weight, you need to eat and drink fewer kilojoules than you use. (A kilojoule (kJ) is a measure of the amount of energy a person gets from food. The average adult will burn about 8,700kJ per day, although the amount varies depending on age, gender and level of activity.)

A weight-loss diet restricts what you eat so you lose weight.

A 'fad' diet is an eating plan that often promises rapid weight loss but is not based on science. Often, fad weight-loss diets want you to cut out entire food groups. This could mean you dont get all the nutrients the body requires.

They should not be confused with vegetarian or vegan diets. These are not weight-loss diets and, with good planning, vegetarians and vegans can get all the nutrients they need.

It's important to choose an eating and exercise plan that is healthy and that suits your lifestyle. Following a healthy eating plan is better for your health and will mean you are more likely to keep the weight off long term.

The weight-loss industry is worth more than $635 million in Australia. However, it is important to realise that not all diets work and some can also be potentially harmful. Going on a very restrictive fad diet can lead to:

Most of the weight you lose on a fad diet is water and lean muscle, not fat. That's because when you eat too little, your body breaks down muscle to get enough kilojoules. It is easier for your body to get kilojoules from muscle than from fat.

To maintain a lower weight permanently, it is better to change your eating behaviour in a way you can keep up long term.

Fad diets are very popular in Australia. Common fad diets include those that recommend cutting out sugar, drinking meal replacement shakes, following a low carbohydrate/high fat diet, detox diets, the raw food diet and the Dukan diet.

Avoid a diet that:

The key to healthy weight loss is to focus on a healthy lifestyle with plenty of regular exercise and a balanced diet with foods mainly from these 5 healthy food groups:

You should also drink plenty of water, and limit your intake of foods that contain saturated fat, added sugars, added salt and alcohol.

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Weight loss and dieting | healthdirect

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May 22nd, 2019 | Filed under Dieting

As swim suit season approaches and many of us gear up to start our diets on Monday there is something Dr. Traci Mann, University of Minnesota professor, researcher and author of "Secrets from the Eating Lab," would like us to know... diets don't work.

"I feel like a lot of people who hear me talk about this say it's bad news but It is not bad news! It's not bad news! this is liberating news," said Mann.

That's a tough sell when those before and after pictures pop up on our television screens and Facebook feeds.

In the end.. most people will regain the weight.

That's just a standard part of what your body goes through when you lose weight and it's not anybody's fault.

It's not your fault, Mann says, because diets set you up to fail.

The problem is when you diet your body notices that not enough calories are coming in and so that leads to these physiological changes. Such as changes to your metabolism and changes to your hormones that determine how hungry or full you feel.

So that sandwich that would've filled you up before dieting.. no longer does .. because your hunger hormone levels have changed.

One of the other things that happen to you when you go on a strict diet there are all these changes in your thinking patterns and you become preoccupied with thoughts of food.

This all happens because our body, Mann says, is fighting to stay in a genetically predetermined weight range.

The problem is when you try to lose a lot of weight. so much weight that you go below your body's set weight range.

"So if you're in the ballpark of 175 pounds you're never going to be a 110 pound person at least not without massively and completely suffering every day, " said Mann."But you're also not going to be a 300 pound person."

Unfortunately, there is no set formula to determine your range. But most people can figure out what their range just by thinking through their own weight history and what's that weight that you always come back to.

For skeptics out there, Mann cites a study done on adopted children which found most grew up to resemble the weight of their birth parents.

Showing the power of the genes and the environment that these adoptive parents set for this child which set their eating habits for perhaps their whole life, didn't really change the weight they ended up with. Their weight stayed like their birth parents.

Mann knows, despite the research, some of you will still think this sounds like a cop out.

One thing that drives me crazy and i tell people all this all the important factors of genetics and weight and they say, "Yeah but in the end you're still the one holding the fork."

The key thing to realize is that one person holding a fork is not the same as another person holding a fork.

So maybe it's time to let go of the goal of hitting that *dream* weight and instead focus on health.

"So i think the goal should be to do healthy behaviors..like eating veggies and exercising and not smoking and if you do those you will improve your health but you might not get thinner," said Mann.

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Dieting 'truths' from U of M researcher | kare11.com

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May 21st, 2019 | Filed under Dieting

Obesity Reduction

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EASY WAY TO LOSE WEIGHTReduce your butter intake by 2 tsp a day, and your mayo intake by 1 tsp. This saves you 37,595 calories per year. That's almost 11 pounds of body fat. Who said dieting was difficult?

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HEALTHY EATINGWhether you prefer a low-carb, a low-fat or a low-GI weight loss plan, don't try to lose weight too fast by eating too few calories. This encourages hunger, slows down your metabolism and often leads to repetitive weight cycling. Which is bad for your health, your energy levels and your chances of losing weight.

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Diet-i.com offers free informationon diets, weight loss diet programs,like Weight Watchers, Atkins, Zone,South Beach, pills, fad diets,and general advice on weightcontrol and good diet nutrition.We hope you enjoy your visit.

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HEALTHY WEIGHT LOSS TIPIf regular calorie-controlled diets and exercise programs fill you with despair, create your own weight loss system! Suggestions: (1) Use fat-free milk instead of whole milk. One cup per day saves 21,900 calories per year - that's 6 pounds of body fat. (2) Take a 15 min brisk walk each day. This burns about 36,500 calories per year. That's 10 pounds of body weight. In 2 years, these weight reduction tips can help you lose 32 pounds of fat. Who said dieting and losing weight was difficult?

WEIGHING SCALESWhether or not you are following a specific weight loss diet, maintaining a healthy weight is an important indicator of personal health, so it pays to have accurate bathroom weighing scales to record your weight reduction or gain. See Guide to Weighing Scales

For more information about glycemic index, special dietary programs, nutrition, calories, diet pills and general advice on all aspects of weight reduction and weight management, subscribe to our diet newsletter.

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Diet Information : Free Diets: Weight Loss Advice ...

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May 19th, 2019 | Filed under Dieting

Reverse dieting is often described as the diet after the diet.

Its particularly popular among bodybuilders and competitive athletes looking to increase their energy levels while maintaining weight loss and body composition.

While some claim that reverse dieting can be an effective method to ramp up weight loss and energy levels, others dismiss it as unnecessary and ineffective.

This article takes a close look at reverse dieting to determine whether its helpful for weight loss.

Reverse dieting is an eating plan that involves gradually increasing your calorie intake over a period of several weeks or months to boost metabolism and help your body burn more calories throughout the day ().

Popular among bodybuilders, its often followed after a calorie-restricted diet by those looking to return to a normal eating pattern without gaining extra weight or fat.

Some advocates of the plan also claim that it can boost energy levels, reduce hunger, and help break through weight loss plateaus.

Most diets involve decreasing calorie intake to create a calorie deficit, meaning that youre consuming fewer than youre burning.

Over time, your body starts to adapt, slowing down your metabolism in an effort to conserve energy (, ).

This can become problematic when youre ready to return to a normal diet but want to maintain your weight or when you hit a weight loss plateau and are unable to further cut calories.

Reverse dieting typically involves increasing calorie intake by 50100 calories per week above your baseline, which is the number of calories youre currently consuming to maintain your weight.

This period lasts 410 weeks, or until you reach your target, pre-diet intake.

Because protein needs are typically calculated for body weight rather than calorie consumption, your protein intake can remain the same throughout the diet.

Increasing your calorie intake may boost metabolism and help your body burn more through non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT), which includes everyday actions like walking, talking, and fidgeting ().

In addition, reverse dieting may normalize levels of circulating hormones, such as leptin, which regulates appetite and body weight (, ).

Research shows that leptin, which is produced and excreted by the fat cells in your body, decreases in response to reduced calorie intake. When leptin levels fall, appetite is increased and calorie burning is reduced ().

In fact, in a 6-month study in 48 people, calorie restriction decreased leptin concentrations by 44% ().

Currently, research is limited on the effects of reverse dieting. Most of its benefits are only backed up by anecdotal evidence.

That said, increasing your calorie intake could boost calorie burning and normalize hormone levels, which could promote weight loss and maintenance.

Because calorie restriction can reduce NEAT as well as leptin levels, it stands to reason that gradually increasing your intake may slow or reverse these effects (, , ).

Reverse dieting is also claimed to reduce the risk of binge eating, a common issue among bodybuilders and those on highly restrictive diets. Theoretically, it works by easing your transition back to a normal diet (, ).

Still, more research is needed to determine whether reverse dieting is an effective way to prevent weight regain or promote weight loss.

Research is lacking on the potential health benefits of reverse dieting.

Still, proponents claim that its effects extend beyond weight loss.

One of the main reasons that people start reverse dieting is because it allows them to eat more food throughout the day.

This is especially enjoyable for those who have been dieting for weeks or months at a time because it allows for a wider range of healthy meals.

Overly restrictive diets are often accompanied by symptoms like mood disturbances, difficulty concentrating, and decreased energy levels ().

This may be caused by either inadequate calorie intake or nutritional deficiencies ().

Because reverse dieting focuses on slowly increasing your calorie intake, it could resolve several downsides related to restricted dieting.

Cutting calories can alter the levels of several hormones that influence hunger and appetite.

For instance, one study in 14 male bodybuilders showed that 10 weeks of extreme weight loss led to a 27.7% decrease in leptin and a 26.4% increase in ghrelin 3 days prior to a competition ().

While leptin promotes fullness, ghrelin stimulates feelings of hunger ().

Slowly increasing calorie intake may balance levels of these hormones and reduce hunger levels. However, no studies have yet proven this theory.

Reverse dieting may have several drawbacks.

Although many tools can estimate your prime calorie range, it can be very difficult to calculate precise needs.

It can be even more challenging to increase your intake by small increments of 50100 calories each week, as reverse dieting recommends.

In fact, one large study in 3,385 people showed that people typically underestimate the calorie content of a meal by up to 259 calories ().

Additionally, measuring your portions incorrectly or even adding an extra snack to your diet may end up hindering your progress while reverse dieting.

Whats more, this plan can be time-consuming, as it requires you to meticulously track your daily calorie intake.

One issue with reverse dieting is that it focuses solely on calorie intake without taking other factors into consideration.

Weight loss is incredibly complex, with many components playing a role.

Not only do various nutrients impact metabolism, hunger, and appetite differently, but factors like sleep, stress, and hormone fluctuations also affect body weight and need to be taken into consideration (, , ).

All in all, very little research supports reverse dieting.

As case reports and anecdotal evidence are all that exists, its unclear if reverse dieting works or whether its effective for the general population or just specific groups, such as bodybuilders or competitive athletes.

Therefore, until further research is conducted, reverse dieting cannot be considered an effective tool for weight management.

Reverse dieting involves gradually increasing your calorie intake to boost metabolism and prevent weight regain after dieting. It may also increase energy levels and reduce hunger.

Still, its purported weight loss effects are unsupported by science.

Plus, it can be difficult to follow and focuses solely on counting calories.

Before considering reverse dieting for weight loss, you may want to try out other tips and make sure youre eating a balanced diet.

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Reverse Dieting: Is It Helpful for Weight Loss?

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May 3rd, 2019 | Filed under Dieting

Yo-yo dieting or yo-yo effect, also known as weight cycling, is a term coined by Kelly D. Brownell at Yale University, in reference to the cyclical loss and gain of weight, resembling the up-down motion of a yo-yo. In this process, the dieter is initially successful in the pursuit of weight loss but is unsuccessful in maintaining the loss long-term and begins to gain the weight back. The dieter then seeks to lose the regained weight, and the cycle begins again.

The reasons for yo-yo dieting are varied but often include embarking upon a hypocaloric diet that was initially too extreme. At first the dieter may experience elation at the thought of weight loss and pride in their rejection of food. Over time, however, the limits imposed by such extreme diets cause effects such as depression or fatigue that make the diet impossible to sustain. Ultimately, the dieter reverts to their old eating habits, now with the added emotional effects of failing to lose weight by restrictive diet. Such an emotional state leads many people to eating more than they would have before dieting, causing them to rapidly regain weight.[1]The process of regaining weight and especially body fat is further promoted by the high metabolic plasticity of skeletal muscle. The "Summermatter Cycle"[2] explains how skeletal muscle persistently reduces energy expenditure during dieting. In addition, food restriction increases physical activity which further supports body weight loss initially. When food becomes available again, the thrifty program promotes the refilling of energy stores which preferentially occurs as catch-up fat.[2]

This kind of diet is associated with extreme food deprivation as a substitute for good diet[when defined as?] and exercise techniques. As a result, the dieter may experience loss of both muscle and body fat during the initial weight-loss phase (weight-bearing exercise is required to maintain muscle). After completing the diet, the dieter is likely to experience the body's starvation response, leading to rapid weight gain of only fat. This is a cycle that changes the body's fat-to-muscle ratio, one of the more important factors in health. A report by the American Psychological Association reviewed thirty-one diet studies and found that after two years of dieting up to a third of dieters weighed more than they did before they began the diet.[3] One study in rats showed those made to yo-yo diet were more efficient at gaining weight.[4] However the research compiled by Atkinson et al. (1994)[5] showed that there are no adverse effects of weight cycling on body composition, resting metabolic rate, body fat distribution, or future successful weight loss, and that there is not enough evidence to show risk factors for cardiovascular disease being directly dependent on cyclical dieting patterns.A more recent review concluded "...evidence for an adverse effect of weight cycling appears sparse, if it exists at all".[6]

Since there is "no single definition of weight cycling [that] can be endorsed", it is almost impossible for research to draw specific conclusions about the actual effects of cyclical dieting, until it becomes more definitely defined.[5]

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Yo-yo effect - Wikipedia

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Apr 29th, 2019 | Filed under Dieting

Dieting

Dieting is the practice of eating food in a regulated fashion to decrease, maintain, or increase body weight. Dieting is often used in combination with physical exercise to lose weight in those who are overweight or obese. Some athletes, however, follow a diet to gain weight. Diets can also be used to maintain a stable body weight.Diets to promote weight loss are generally divided into four categories: low-fat, low-carbohydrate, low-calorie, and very low calorie. A meta-analysis of six randomized controlled trials found no difference between the main diet types, with a 24 kilogram weight loss in all studies. At two years, all calorie-reduced diet types cause equal weight loss irrespective of the macronutrients emphasized.Long-term studies of dieting however indicate that the majority of individuals who dieted, regain virtually all of the weight that was lost after dieting, regardless of whether they maintain their diet or exercise program. After two years of dieting up to two thirds of dieters are even heavier than they are prior to beginning their regimen, and therefore APA judges that diets 'do not lead to sustained weight loss or health benefits for the majority of people.' Weight loss by dieting, while of benefit to those classified as unhealthy, may also slightly increase the mortality rate for individuals who are otherwise healthy.

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What does dieting mean? - definitions.net

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Apr 25th, 2019 | Filed under Dieting

Dieting is the number one risk factor in the development of an eating disorder.

Both the rate of obesity and the number of people with an eating disorder are increasing in Australia. Interestingly, the number of people with both obesity and an eating disorder has increased at a faster rate than the number of people with either obesity or an eating disorder alone. It has been suggested that these increasing numbers may be related to the proliferation of messages about the dangers of obesity, and behavioural responses to those messages that include people going on fad diets and engaging in both unhealthy and ineffective weight loss behaviours. The weight-loss industry in Australia is worth over $635m, but it is clear that the methods used are rarely successful.

Research shows that women who diet severely are eighteen times more likely to develop an eating disorder. Women who diet moderately are five times more likely to develop an eating disorder.

The strict, restrictive and often unsustainable nature of many diets can leave dieters feeling constantly hungry and deprived. Dieters often ignore this hunger for a short time but such deprivation can eventually lead to powerful food cravings and over-compensatory behaviour such as bingeing. This can in turn lead to feelings of shame and failure, which contribute to negative emotional associations with food and eating.

Fluctuating weight is common for people who diet frequently (yo-yo dieting), as most people regain all the weight they have lost after a diet within a few years.

Diets disconnect people from their natural bodily responses through imposed food related rules and restrictions which may overlook hunger, physical activity and a persons individual nutritional requirements.

Dieting can:

Dieting can lead to feelings of guilt over lack of self control, low self esteem, a poor body image and obsessive thoughts and behaviours surrounding food. In addition, people who diet frequently are more likely to experience depression.

Competitive dieting is a dangerous phenomenon which can lead to an obsession with food and weight obsession, as well as disordered eating behaviours. Television shows such as The Biggest Loser have seen a marked trend in competitive dieting programs across many workplaces and gyms, whereby people are encouraged to participate individually or as teams to lose the most amount of weight in a specified time period, often for a prize or some form of reward.

Another example of competitive dieting can occur amongst secondary school students. In these instances, somebody may start a diet with friends and become obsessed with losing the most weight, leading to unhealthy and dangerous behaviours regarding food intake and/or physical activity levels. Competitive dieting may also occur in the context of physical activity, e.g. in sports. This can be equally as dangerous for the development of disordered eating or eating disorders, particularly amongst men.

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Dieting | Eating Disorders Victoria

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Apr 24th, 2019 | Filed under Dieting

What Other Drugs Interact with Glimepiride?

If your doctor has directed you to use this medication, your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor, health care provider or pharmacist first.

Glimepiride has no known severe interactions with other drugs.

Serious Interactions of Glimepiride include:

Glimepiride has moderate interactions with at least 146 different drugs.

Glimepiride has mild interactions with at least 89 different drugs.

This information does not contain all possible interactions or adverse effects. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share this information with your doctor and pharmacist. Check with your health care professional or doctor for additional medical advice, or if you have health questions, concerns or for more information about this medicine.

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Glimepiride (Amaryl): Dieting, Side Effects, Dosages ...

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Apr 21st, 2019 | Filed under Dieting

Temperament seems to be, at least in part,genetically determined. Some personality types (obsessive-compulsiveand sensitive-avoidant, for example) are more vulnerable to eatingdisorders than others. New research suggests that genetic factorspredispose some people to anxiety, perfectionism, and obsessive-compulsivethoughts and behaviors. These people seem to have more than theirshare of eating disorders. In fact, people with a mother or sisterwho has had anorexia nervosa are 12 times more likely than otherswith no family history of that disorder to develop it themselves.They are four times more likely to develop bulimia. (Eating DisordersReview. Nov/Dec 2002)

Studies reported in the New England Journalof Medicine (3/03) indicate that for some, but not all, peopleheredity is an important factor in the development of obesityand binge eating.

Also, once a person begins to starve, stuff,or purge, those behaviors in and of themselves can alter brainchemistry and prolong the disorder. For example, both undereatingand overeating can activate brain chemicals that produce feelingsof peace and euphoria, thus temporarily dispelling anxiety anddepression. In fact some researchers believe that eating disorderedfolks may be using food to self-medicate painful feelings anddistressing moods.

A note about stress and overeating: New research suggests that there is a biologicallink between stress and the drive to eat. Comfort foods highin sugar, fat, and calories seem to calm the bodys responseto chronic stress. In addition, hormones produced when one isunder stress encourage the formation of fat cells. In Westernizedcountries life tends to be competitive, fast paced, demanding,and stressful. There may be a link between so-called modern lifeand increasing rates of overeating, overweight, and obesity.(Study to be published in Proceedings of the National Academyof Sciences. Author is Mary Dallman, professor of physiology,University of California at San Francisco [2003].)

People with eating disorders tend to beperfectionistic. They have unrealistic expectations of themselvesand others. In spite of their many achievements, they feel inadequate,defective, and worthless. In addition, they see the world asblack and white, no shades of gray. Everything is either goodor bad, a success or a failure, fat or thin. If fat is bad andthin is good, then thinner is better, and thinnest is best even if thinnest is sixty-eight pounds in a hospital bed on lifesupport.

Some people with eating disorders use thebehaviors to avoid sexuality. Others use them to try to takecontrol of themselves and their lives. They are strong, usuallywinning the power struggles they find themselves in, but insidethey feel weak, powerless, victimized, defeated, and resentful.

People with eating disorders often lacka sense of identity. They try to define themselves by manufacturinga socially approved and admired exterior. They have answeredthe existential question, Who am I? by symbolicallysaying I am, or I am trying to be, thin. Therefore, I matter.

People with eating disorders often arelegitimately angry, but because they seek approval and fear criticism,they do not know how to express their anger in healthy ways.They turn it against themselves by starving or stuffing.

Some people with eating disorders say theyfeel smothered in overprotective families. Others feel abandoned,misunderstood, and alone. Parents who overvalue physical appearancecan unwittingly contribute to an eating disorder. So can thosewho make critical comments, even in jest, about their childrensbodies.

These families tend to be overprotective,rigid, and ineffective at resolving conflict. Sometimes mothersare emotionally cool while fathers are physically or emotionallyabsent. At the same time, there are high expectations of achievementand success. Children learn not to disclose doubts, fears, anxieties,and imperfections. Instead they try to solve their problems bymanipulating weight and food.

In addition, research suggests that daughtersof mothers with histories of eating disorders may be at higherrisk of eating disorders themselves than are children of motherswith few food and weight issues.

According to a report published in theApril 1999 issue of the International Journal of Eating Disorders,mothers who have anorexia, bulimia, or binge eating disorderhandle food issues and weight concerns differently than motherswho have never had eating disorders.

Patterns are observable even in infancy.They include odd feeding schedules, using food for rewards, punishments,comfort, or other non-nutritive purposes, and concerns abouttheir daughters weight.

Still to be determined is whether or notdaughters of mothers with eating disorders will themselves becomeeating disordered when they reach adolescence.

Also, if mothers and fathers preach andnag about junk food and try to limit their childrens accessto treats, the children will desire and overeat these very items.A recent study (Am J Clin Nutr 2003;78:215) indicates that whenparents restrict eating, children are more likely to eat whenthey are not hungry. The more severe the restriction, the strongerthe desire to eat prohibited foods. These behaviors may set thestage for a full blown eating disorder in the future.

Sometimes appearance-obsessed friends orromantic partners create pressure that encourages eating disorders.Ditto for sorority houses, theatre troupes, dance companies,school cliques, and other situations where peers influence oneanother in unhealthy ways.

People vulnerable to eating disorders also,in most cases, are experiencing relationship problems, lonelinessin particular. Some may be withdrawn with only superficial orconflicted connections to other people. Others may seem to beliving exciting lives filled with friends and social activities,but later they will confess that they did not feel they reallyfit in, that no one seemed to really understand them, and thatthey had no true friends or confidants with whom they could sharethoughts, feelings, doubts, insecurities, fears, hopes, ambitions,and so forth. Often they desperately want healthy connectionsto others but fear criticism and rejection if their perceivedflaws and shortcomings become known.

In Westernized countries characterizedby various forms of competition, and in pockets of affluencein developing countries, women often experience unrealistic culturaldemands for thinness. They respond by linking their self-exteem,or self-disgust, to their weight.

Cultural expectations can be cruel andunrelenting. In order for a woman to consider herself happy,she has to be in a good relationship, be happy with her kids,her friends have to like her, her job has to be going well, herhouse has to look really good and she has to be thin.(Professor Alice Domar, Harvard Medical School. Parade Magazine,October 11, 2003)

People in western countries are flooded by media words and images. An average U.S. child, for example, sees more than 30,000 TV commercial each year (TV-Turnoff Network, 2005). That child watches more than 21 hours of TV each week plus dozens of magazines and many movies every year. In those media, happy and successful people are almost always portrayed by actors and models who are young, toned, and thin. The vast majority are stylishly dressed and have spent much time on hair styles and makeup.

Factoid: According to Health magazine, April 2002, 32% of female TV network characters are underweight, while only 5% of females in the U.S. audience are underweight.

In contrast, evil, stupid, or buffoonish people are portrayed by actors who are older, frumpier, unkempt, perhaps physically challenged. Many are fat.

Factoid: Again according to Health magazine, only 3% of female TV network characters are obese, while 25% of U.S. women fall into that category.

Most people want to be happy and successful, states that require thought, personal development, and usually hard work. The media, especially ads and commercials for appearance-related items, suggest that we can avoid the hard character work by making our bodies into copies of the icons of success.

Reading between the lines of many ads reveals a not-so-subtle message You are not acceptable the way you are. The only way you can become acceptable is to buy our product and try to look like our model (who is six feet tall and wears size four jeans and is probably anorexic). If you cant quite manage it, better keep buying our product. Its your only hope.

The differences between media images of happy, successful men and women are interesting. The women, with few exceptions, are young and thin. Thin is desirable. The men are young or older, but the heroes and good guys are strong and powerful in all the areas that matter physically, in the business world, and socially. For men in the media, thin is not desirable; power is desirable. Thin men are seen as skinny, and skinny men are often depicted as sick, weak, frail, or deviant.

These differences are reflected in male and female approaches to self-help. When a man wants to improve himself, he often begins by lifting weights to become bigger, stronger, and more powerful. When a woman want to improve herself, she usually begins with a diet, which will leave her smaller, weaker, and less powerful. Yet females have just as strong needs for power and control as do males.

Many people believe this media stereotyping helps explain why about ninety percent of people with eating disorders are women and only ten percent are men.

In recent years it has become politically correct for the media to make some effort to combat eating disorders. We have seen magazine articles and TV shows featuring the perils and heartbreak of anorexia and bulimia, but these efforts seem weak and ineffective when they are presented in the usual context. For example, how can one believe that a fashion magazine is truly motivated to combat anorexia when their articles about that subject are surrounded by advertisements featuring anorexic-looking models? How can one believe that the talk show hostess is truly in favor of strong, healthy female bodies when she frequently prods her stick-like thighs and talks about how much she wants to lose weight from her already scrawny body?

In May 1999, research was published that demonstrated the medias unhealthy affect on womens self-esteem and body awareness. In 1995, before television came to their island, the people of Fiji thought the ideal body was round, plump, and soft. Then, after 38 months of Melrose Place, Beverly Hills 90210, and similar western shows, Fijian teenage girls showed serious signs of eating disorders.

In another study, females who regularly watch TV three or more nights per week are fifty percent more likely than non-watchers to feel too big or too fat. About two-thirds of the TV-watching female teens dieted in the month preceding the survey. Fifteen percent admitted vomiting to control their weight. TV shows like the two mentioned above are fantasies, but all over the world young women, and some not so young, accept them as instructions on how to look and act. Thats really a shame.

An important question for people who watch TV, read magazines, and go to movies do these media present images that open a window on the real world, or do they hold up a fun house mirror in which the reflections of real people are distorted into impossibly tall, thin sticks (or impossibly muscular, steroid-dependent male action figures)? Media consumers need to be wise consumers of visual images.

And wise consumers of verbal images too. The impact on vulnerable, insecure people cannot be calculated when they hear celebrities say things like Whenever I watch TV and see those poor starving kids all over the world, I cant help but cry. I mean Id love to be skinny like that, but not with all those flies and death and stuff. Mariah Carey

For more information on this topic, we recommend Remote Control Childhood? Combatting the Hazards of Media Culture, a book by Diane Levin. In addition, parents can help their children learn to think critically by teaching them to ask the following questions about material presented through the media:

For an online interactive exercise in media analysis, visit the childrens section of the Public Broadcast Systems website. The exercise is aimed at younger children, but everyone can learn from it, and parents are encouraged to work through it too.

If people are vulnerable to eating disorders,sometimes all it takes to put the ball in motion is a triggerevent that they do not know how to handle. A trigger could besomething as seemingly innocuous as teasing or as devastatingas rape or incest.

Triggers often happen at times of transition,shock, or loss where increased demands are made on people whoalready are unsure of their ability to meet expectations. Suchtriggers might include puberty starting a new school, beginninga new job, death, divorce, marriage, family problems, breakupof an important relationship, critical comments from someoneimportant, graduation into a chaotic, competitive world, andso forth.

There is some evidence to suggest thatgirls who achieve sexual maturity ahead of peers, with the associateddevelopment of breasts, hips, and other physical signs of womanhood,are at increased risk of becoming eating disordered. They maywrongly interpret their new curves as being fat andfeel uncomfortable because they no longer look like peers whostill have childish bodies.

Wanting to take control and fix things,but not really knowing how, and under the influence of a culturethat equates success and happiness with thinness, the persontackles her/his body instead of the problem at hand. Dieting,bingeing, purging, exercising, and other strange behaviors arenot random craziness. They are heroic, but misguided and ineffective,attempts to take charge in a world that seems overwhelming.

Sometimes people such as diabetics whomust pay meticulous attention to what they eat become vulnerableto eating disorders. A certain amount of obsessiveness is necessaryfor health, but when the fine line is crossed, healthy obsessivenesscan quickly become pathological.

Perhaps the most common trigger of disorderedeating is dieting. It is a bit simplistic, but nonetheless true,to say that if there were no dieting, there would be no anorexianervosa. Neither would there be the bulimia that people createwhen they diet, make themselves chronically hungry, overeat inresponse to that hunger, and then, panicky about weight gain,vomit or otherwise purge to get rid of the calories.

Feeling guilty and perhaps horrified atwhat they have done, they swear to be good. Thatusually means more dieting, which leads to more hunger, and sothe cycle repeats again and again. It is axiomatic in eatingdisorders treatment programs that the best way to avoid a bingeis to never, never allow oneself to become ravenously hungry.It is far wiser to be aware of internal signals and respond tohunger cues early on by eating appropriate amounts of nourishing,healthy food.

For an excellent and detailed discussion of the dangers and disappointments of dieting, visit NEDA, our sister organization.

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ANRED: What causes eating disorders?

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Apr 5th, 2019 | Filed under Dieting

Some Helpful Tips

When starting the low FODMAP diet it is first helpful to understand what FODMAPs actually are, the page What are FODMAPs? gives a rundown of the technical aspects of the diet. Once you have digested that page have a look at the FODMAP safe food list and either bookmark the page or print the page and familiarize yourself with the list so you have a good idea of what to consume as well as which ingredients you need to look out for.

Many people find it helpful to start a food diary when undertaking this diet, as well as other diets that can help with IBS. To do so simply write down each food item you consume for each meal on a daily basis noting down the quantity of food and any possible symptoms you may have got from eating a particular food item. I find it best to also give a rating out of 10 how you feel each day with 1 being terrible and 10 being awesome! You can go to the IBS and Food Symptom Diary page to find a premade PDF and a spreadsheet to use.

Please note that I recommend you talk to your GP/Doctor and ask for a referral to see a dietitian as it is recommended to undertake this diet under the guidance of a registered dietitian.

After reading the FODMAP food list and looking at FODMAP friendly recipes it is helpful to follow the recommended FODMAP diet plan and then go shopping for the right foods needed on the diet.

It is recommended by Monash University that you follow the typical FODMAP diet plan. The plan is to eliminate or reduce all sources of FODMAPs as best you can for 6 8 weeks and then slowly add high FODMAP foods one at a time to help you identify any food that triggers your symptoms. Be sure to use a food and symptom diary to help you keep track of what foods may be causing any symptoms.

When you go to the supermarket you will need to be constantly checking the ingredients on food items. Any items with onion or garlic products you will need to leave behind as they can be big contributors to feeling unwell. Another easy thing to check is any items with wheat often companies list allergy advice and specify if there is any gluten present. Head for the free from food aisle if your supermarket has one as that helps a great deal and buy lots of gluten free bread and other gluten free items. A favourite of mine is genius bread as they have changed the recipe recently and it actually tastes nice. In the free from aisle be sure to avoid any foods with soya in them as they are quite a common dairy free product. Be wary of seemingly safe items such as chicken stock cubes as they often have gluten and/or onion and/or garlic.

After you have returned from the supermarket it may help to get rid of any items you had before that contain any of the bad foods in your cupboards and fridge/freezer. You may find it helpful to work out your meals in advance as often repeating meals or making big batches and freezing helps ease the planning stage.

Breakfasts can be gluten free porridge, gluten free bread toasted with a serving of low FODMAP fruit. Or perhaps rice crispies with chocolate oat milk which makes a very tasty cocopops substitute.

For lunches I tend to make gluten free bread sandwiches with sandwich meat (be sure theres no gluten or onion!), lettuce, mayo (check the label, some mayonnaise is not suitable) and sometimes I put tortilla chips in them. Yum.

Dinners can be a variety of things from stir-frys to rice dishes like risotto. Jacket potatoes with butter served with a nice steak goes down lovely. Drinks dont just have to be water, you are allowed the odd beer or wine and also any of the full fat soda drinks like coca-cola and pepsi are OK (assuming they do not contain HFCS like they do not here in the UK) in small dosages.

Hopefully this guide helps you to get a grasp on how to undertake the FODMAP diet. If things are still not clear please contact me and I will try my best to help you.

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Guide to FODMAP Dieting | IBS Diets

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Apr 5th, 2019 | Filed under Dieting