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CATHERINE HARRIS

Last updated14:42, August 30 2017

MARION VAN DIJK/STUFF

Fonterra trucks have always been risky for heavier drivers, management has discovered.

Fonterra's decision to stand-down overweight truck drivers is a much wider issue in the trucking industry, and maybe other industries also, experts say.

Fonterra said on Tuesdaythat someof its drivers understoodto be two wouldbe offeredalternative duties because they were much heavier than the weight safety ratingson their driver's seats safely allowed.

The company also said that 50of its drivers weighed inbetween 140 kilograms and 150kg, the seat weightmaximums on its two main typesof tanker.

Road Transport Forum chief executive Ken Shirley said that Fonterra'ssituation was not new, and that there had been court cases in New Zealand and Australia previously over the matter.

READ MORE:*Fonterra truck drivers stood down over weight concerns*Milk tanker and car in Hawera crash*Fonterra to tackle driver shortage

"I've been in the job for 10 years and throughout those10 years, we've had health seminars on it... And I put to you too that it's not just our industry, it's across the board.

DANIEL WHITFIELD/STUFF

Fonterra general manager of national transport and logistics Barry McColl said the company would try to get drivers to lose weight so they could get back on the roads.

"There's all manner of jobs which an employee's performance can be severely compromised with severe obesity."

Fonterra was not only right, "it'stheirresponsibility", to do something about the problem, Shirley said.

The dairy giantsaid it had been looking for some months at how to make its trucks safer, and talking with manufacturers about alternatives such as seatbelt extensions.

But there was arisk the belt would not perform to safety standards. The beltswerenot attached to the vehicle frame, as they werein cars, Fonterra general manager of national transport logistics Barry McColl said.

He said there was no intention to make anyoneredundant, and the companywastalkingwith the affected drivers about health programmes and temporarily doing other duties.

If they were unable to or chose not to lose weight, the company would offer themother work, possibly"within the depot or, indeed, upskilling them to work in manufacturing roles".

Angus McConnell, deputy secretary ofthe New ZealandDairy Workers Union, said it was a"very delicate situation" for all involved. Many of the overweight drivers would have been reliable and valued workers and it was "quite a dilemma" for some people.

At the same time, Fonterra had to comply with the law and while the union would be checking Fonterra'sinterpretation, itwasn't just a matter of fitness for the job.

"This is a little bit more complex around compliance and safety."

However, "nobody's employment is at risk at this point. There is a lot more to be worked through."

Mainfreight boss Don Braidsaid it was the first time he'd heard of a driverbeing stood down because of weight.

His company used owner-operators, so weight was not so much of an employmentissuebut the companystill took driver health seriously.

"We see them as part of the family, and we run healthy cafeterias in all our operations and we have a nutritionist in Auckland who works with drivers and any of our other people who might be overweight."

Itwas acknowledged thatdriversfacedhigher health risks, as it was a sedentary job with variable hours, shift work, and sometimespeople madepoor food choices.

NZ Post said italways ensured its drivers werefit enough to operate their routes safely.

"To help them do this we provide a range of resources and information, so they are well supported to make healthy lifestyle choices whilst they are either at work or at home."

Employment lawyer Max Whitehead said he first heard about the policyfrom a colleague of an affected truck driver who weighed 150kgand had worked for the company for seven years.

He suggestedFonterra was being discriminatory and the policy was "grossly unfair and in breach of New Zealand law".

But another employment lawyer, Susan Hornsby-Geluk, said it was arguablethat the courts would see it as discriminatory.

Obesity was not one of theprohibited grounds ofdiscrimination inthe Human Rights Act. And while an argument had been made overseas for obesity to be seen as adisability,that argument had not been establishedin New Zealand yet.

"And even if it was defined as a disability, you still have to be able to perform the functions of the position."

Fitness for work was not an uncommon employment issue, she said.

"It's not unique to the truck driving industry. There are certainly cases I've been involved in in other industries where a certain level of fitness has been a genuine requirement of the position, including where people are required to climb or move around a significant amount."

-Stuff

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Aug 30th, 2017 | Filed under How to Lose Weight Safely

JULIE ILES

Last updated18:45, August 29 2017

DANIEL WHITFIELD/STUFF

Fonterra general manager of national transport and logistics Barry McColl said the company would try to get drivers to lose weight so they could get back on the roads, or they could change their roles in the company.

Fonterra truck drivers are being told they are at risk behind the wheel because of their weight.

Drivers who weigh more than150kgs were told this weekto step down from driving in light of revelations seats could not accommodate their weight safely.

A "health and wellness" programme was being tailored to those who wished to continue driving.

Marion Van Dijk

Fonterra trucks have always been risky for heavier drivers, management has discovered.

Fonterra general manager of national transport logistics Barry McColl said discussions with manufacturers about getting larger seatbeltsin trucks revealed there was a "risk safety features would not perform to the design standard" if drivers were above 150kgin some trucks and 140kgin others.

McColl said about 50 drivers were in the "150kg-plus range".

READ MORE:*Milk tanker and car in Hawera crash*Fonterra silos repaired but no definitive cause found*Redundancies mooted at Westland Milk Products' major processing plant*Fonterra to tackle driver shortage

Truck seatbelts are mounted to the seat instead of the vehicle frame, asthey are in cars, which increased the possibility they could detach in the event of an accident, he said.

It also increased the risk a seat could deform or detach in an accident, he said.

The two models of trucks that are used to carry milk tankers for the company areScaniaand Volvo brands.

McCollsaid the weight limit onScaniatrucks was 140kg, and 150kg in Volvo brand trucks.

McColl said individual conversations were had with truck drivers to work on a health management plan and assign them "alternative duties" until they could meet a safe weight.

"First and foremost protect the employee and work to get them to a point where they can be back on the road, or if that's not possible we'll reassign them work packing or processing and there is potential to upskill them within those roles."

McColl said there was no intention that the drivers would be "parting company".

"It's a very delicate conversation to have...from a safety point of view you can't put them in a situation where they are at a higher level of risk than other drivers."

McColl said Fonterra was working with the Dairy Workers Union to partner with drivers on wellness plans and do a country-wide roll out of those in the next couple of weeks.

Employment lawyer Max Whitehead said he first heard about the policyfrom a colleague of an affected truck driver who weighed 150kgand had worked for the company for seven years.

Whitehead said Fonterra was "directing its New Zealand managers to blatantly discriminate" and the policy was "grossly unfair and in breach of New Zealand law".

McColl denied that it was a case of discrimination, and said it was "purely and simply you are putting them in an unsafe situation if they were to get in an accident".

A Fonterra spokesman said that Whitehead had not contacted the company.

-Stuff

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Aug 29th, 2017 | Filed under How to Lose Weight Safely

As we've discussed before, safely towing a heavy loadbe it a janky old Subaru rally car or just a big old camperis far more involved than simply connecting truck and trailer and hitting the gas. Weight balance is key, as are smooth inputs and a safe traveling speed. It appears the driver of the Ford Excursion in this video followed none of these rules with predictably disastrous results.

Dashcam footage from a semi-truck driver shows the accident happened on a clear, dry day on Interstate 82 in central Washington State. All seems well as the truck descends a hill, and the dashcam's built-in speedometer shows he's cruising safely at around 65 mph. That was apparently too slow for the driver of the Excursion, who overtakes the truck at around 0:48. Things begin to unravel almost immediately.

The trailer is already swaying dangerously as the unfortunate driver finishes passing the semi, and it quickly oscillates out of control. The SUV veers off the left side of the road and both truck and trailer disappear into a cloud of dust as they roll several times in a violent wreck. Fortunately, the truck driver stops and reports in the video description that the man driving the Excursion and his two sons were uninjured.

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Aug 29th, 2017 | Filed under How to Lose Weight Safely

Lose weight by eating more fat it almost sounds too good to be true. But followers of the ketogenic food plan claim it not only works, it can revolutionise the way you eat.

Although the keto diet as its known has been hailed as being extremely effective for weight loss, its not without its share of controversy.

Those who subscribe to a keto-based food programme eat a diet thats significantly higher in fat this is offset by a major reduction in carbohydrates which is understood to put the body into a metabolic state called ketosis.

In essence, nutritional medical expert Fiona Tuck explained to Today TonightAdelaide, the body burns fat to use as fuel.

Right now the diet being touted as the hot new way to strip unwanted kilos with celebrities including Guy Sebastian crediting their success to following the high-fat food regime.

But is the diet a safe way to sustainable weight loss? Fiona Tuck breaks it down.

An extreme keto diet is made up of 75 per cent healthy fat, 20 per cent protein and just five per cent carbs, which means limited fruit and vegetables, she said.

While she said the food plan would work for quick weight loss, its not one she thinks is beneficial long term.

We have to be very careful not to take the body into an extreme case of acidosis (caused by an overproduction of acid in the blood) because that can actually be life threatening or fatal.

However Ms Tuck does believe the diet can be followed safely, if carb levels are increased to 50 or 100 grams.

She also advocates for following a dietary plan that includes a wide range of fresh foods.

You could not be getting enough of those brightly coloured fruits and vegetables which could put us at risk of nutritional deficiency, she warned.

For some the health benefits of following the keto diet have meant a surprising turn-around in how theyve been able to manage chronic health conditions.

As reported previously byDaily Mail Australia, Queensland woman Kim Fletcher claimed she lost 50 kilos by following the high fat food plan, and was able to put her auto immune condition into remission.

She explained that at the height of her illness, her weight had tipped 120 kilograms but a chance sighting of an article in a local paper on the benefits of the diet sparked her interest.

Fifteen months later, shes shed 50 kilos following a high fat, low carb food plan and said shes never felt better.

Ive gone from a size 22 to a size 10; Ive been able to even start shopping for new clothes, she said.

Its a long way from being bedridden and unable to leave the house.

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Ketogenic diet loved for fast results, but does it work? - Gears Of Biz

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Aug 26th, 2017 | Filed under How to Lose Weight Safely

It's no surprise that our favorite celebs love to spill their diet secrets, given that they often work so hard to get those killer bodies! But how safe (or beneficial) are those weight loss remedies that aren't, you know, sweating it out at the gym?

We talked with Dr. Josh Axe, D.N.M., C.N.S., D.C., founder of DrAxe.com, best-selling author of Eat Dirt, and co-founder of Ancient Nutrition, to get the truth about some of the Internet's most searched diets and whether you should listen to the hype! Scroll down to hear his thoughts on apple cider vinegar, the bone broth detox, and more popular fads.

MORE: Khlo Kardashian, Jennifer Lopez, and More Stars Who Refuse to Eat These Super Common Foods

Whether youre dieting or not, regularly having small amounts of apple cider vinegar, or ACV, has numerous health benefits, including: better digestion, reduced acid reflux, enhanced detoxification, and blood sugar regulation. ACV contains a powerful substance acetic acid, which is beneficial for gut health and more. In terms of it being used as part of a diet to help someone lose weight, this approach might have certain advantages due to how ACV can help reduce cravings and improve nutrient absorption.

Id recommend starting with one or two teaspoons of apple cider vinegar mixed with water before your three biggest meals of the day, as this may help stabilize blood sugar levels, alkalize your digestive system and have other positive effects on your metabolism. You can also try starting the day with a cleansing mix of ACV, lemon juice, cayenne pepper, and cinnamon. Im a big fan of ACV, but I still like to remind people that theres no magic bullet when it comes to lasting weight loss. In general, consuming lots of one healthy ingredient should never take the place of an overall balanced diet and healthy lifestyle.

Fasting (abstaining from eating solid food) may seem like a recent trend, but in fact, its been practiced safely for thousands of years. As long as its not causing any negative side effects such as irregular menstrual cycles, lots of fatigue, or heavy brain fog then going for longer periods of time without food, even for an entire day, has been shown to have certain positive health effects.

Skipping a whole day of eating obviously has benefits for reducing calorie intake as well, but this isn't the only reason that fasting is helpful for weight loss or maintenance. Fasting helps deplete glycogen (energy stored in muscles), which means the body uses more stored fat for energy, plus it helps normalize blood sugar levels. It may also help regulate production of certain appetite hormones including leptin, the hormone that regulates fat storage in response to eating, and ghrelin, a hormone that increases hunger. Studies have also found links between fasting and longevity, due to how fasting may help lower oxidative stress. Bone broth is one of the best things to have while fasting (as well as on non-fasting days) because it prevents muscle wasting or dehydration, and supplies essential nutrients including amino acids and electrolytes to keep energy levels up.

Eating 3 square meals a day might be most common, but that doesnt mean its the only healthy way to eat. In fact, its now being shown in studies that for some people, eating many small meals all day long (also called grazing) may contribute to overeating, possibly because it never allows enough time for someone to feel truly hungry, decreasing their ability to be stay in touch with their true hunger versus fullness signals.

Everyone is a bit different in terms of how often and when they get hungry, so theres no hard-and-fast rule as to which number of meals is best. Eating only one meal per day might seem extreme, and it certainly can be very uncomfortable for some people, but for others it might provide substantial benefits and seem pretty manageable, especially if practiced only several days per week. Staying flexible and in touch with your appetite cues should really be the ultimate goal.

Eating plenty of protein, healthy fats, and veggies while keeping carb and sugar intake low is one of the most reliable ways to lose weight, often pretty quickly. Another name for a very low-carb, low-sugar diet is the Ketogenic Diet which has recently become very popular, followed by celebrities such as Halle Berry, but has actually been practiced since around the 1920s. The keto diet works by forcing the body to burn fat for energy instead of carbohydrates, a process called ketosis.

Ketosis is only possible when carb intake is kept very, very low around 25-30 grams of net carbs per day (the amount thats left when fiber is subtracted). Foods like meat, fish, oils, and non-starchy veggies are either very-low carb or no-carb, so they should make up the bulk of calories on plans like the keto diet. Dairy products, grains, fruit, legumes, and added sugars have more carbs, so they are either strictly limited or avoided all together. Most people will be able to achieve similar results to Kim if they follow a Moderate Keto Diet," sticking to about 60-75 grams of net carbs daily which allows for a bit more flexibility.

Answers have been edited for length.

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Aug 26th, 2017 | Filed under How to Lose Weight Safely

As we told you recently, Serena Williams has had quite the healthy pregnancy. Now in her eighth month, her fianc, Alexis Ohanian, revealed that the tennis aces pregnancy cravings have included a lot of veggies. And according to Williams, she plans to continue being active (as safely as possible) up until her due date because she is hoping to return to the tennis court for a tournament in January, possibly three months after giving birth.

I am looking forward to becoming a mother and coming back to the courts already, Williams shared with The Telegraph. Im always thinking about whats next: the next victory, the next trophy.

With the Australian Open on her mind, Williams has been knocking around tennis balls, slamming medicine balls and pushing weights at the gym to prepare. Despite being in her final weeks of pregnancy, she doesnt plan on slowing down.

I intend to keep exercising for as long as possible while pregnant, she told the UK publication. I want to [sic] baby to be healthy and for that you need a healthy life. Also, when I come back to tennis itll be better if Ive kept as fit as possible all the way through the pregnancy rather than having to lose a lot of weight afterwards in order to get fit again. Eating healthily is a must, but being healthy is a lifestyle.

Even though shes on a health kick, that doesnt mean Williams hasnt encountered the usual pregnancy pangs. That includesstruggling to turn over in bed at night with a growing bump and losing her coveted ankles:

Still, the 35-year-old mom to be is pushing through in the hopes of bouncing back quickly after delivery and dominating once again on the court. As she told Vogue for their September issue recently, Im definitely coming back. Walking out there and hearing the crowd, it may seem like nothing. But theres no better feeling in the world.

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Aug 24th, 2017 | Filed under How to Lose Weight Safely

The issue doesnt spawn from the amount of full-length photos I have on my profile there are enough photos of me; my Instagram is a literally dedication to what I look like. The issue is that I dont immediately put a warning label for my body in my profile. While some may consider this an act of size deception, its more of an act of considering myself part of the norm and not a niche. This counts as a pretty revolutionary act as a person of size in 2017: stating to the world that you should swipe right if youre attracted to me and not worry that youre going to forever be known as a chubby-chaser. Theres this misconception in online dating that plus women cant have standards, value, confidence. We cant just be looking for a date, a hook-up, a side-piece. We dont deserve a chance, we arent good enough, and we should be happy for any attention that we get.

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Aug 24th, 2017 | Filed under How to Lose Weight Safely

One of my proudest achievements as an adult used to be the fact that Id learnt how to do proper, face-in-water swimming. Or how to swim, as most other people would see it. Until my late twenties, I would do the kind of breaststroke favoured by ladies of a certain age who didnt want to ruin their hairdos. Front crawl was off the agenda, because I didnt like putting my face underwater, and back crawl was too alarming because if I splashed too much, water might find its way up my nose.

Its thanks to Nick that I finally got my head around swimming. He used to be the captain of his schools swimming team and was brilliant in the water. He patiently bobbed about with me in the shallow end of our local baths and taught me how to exhale while submerged. Over the following months, I mastered a few strokes and started lane swimming. I even bought myself a swimming cap so that my fringe didnt impair my front crawling.

As I became fitter (and fed up with some peoples pool etiquette), I started going to the gym, walking and running, and when our local pool shut for refurbishment, I forgot about it. Years passed, and then Nick was run over. Since then, my proudest achievements have been bound up with looking after him; learning to live alone, getting back on the road after years of not driving; doing battle with the care system and the like. Even low-grade athletic prowess has been beyond me, despite wanting to get more active for my own sake as well as to be strong enough to look after Nick.

Then, a few weeks ago, not knowing what to do with myself after work and, for once, not wanting to drink three pints of oblivion in the pub, I remembered the pool round the corner. It was 8pm would it be open? Yes it was, and so a little later I found myself back in the water.

Before I took the plunge, though, it was time for my evening call to Nick. Standing in the echoing corridor by the changing room, I told him I was about to go for a dip.

I miss swimming, he said, sadly.

I used to be really good at it.

Nick hasnt been in a pool since the accident. At first, he was too mad and ill. Then the pool at the hospital was out of service. Then his incontinence was the issue. Then, once he moved to a care home, the nearest pool was being refurbished. Then he moved again, and was told he needed to lose weight before they could safely get him doing hydrotherapy.

Hes managed to lose a stone and a half since Christmas, and I am going to start nagging the home about getting him into a pool. Because since I took to the water recently, Ive been returning often. I mentioned it to a friend who had a baby a few months back. A blissed-out look came across her face. I managed to have a swim the other day, she said. It felt wonderful to feel my body again.

I cant stop thinking about how wonderful it would be for Nick to feel his body doing something different from lying in bed or sitting in his wheelchair.

I asked him this morning how he thought it would feel.

If I could go in the water, I could float and feel free. Ill feel freer than ever.

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Aug 22nd, 2017 | Filed under How to Lose Weight Safely

Yes, we know: getting sweaty does wonders for our physiques, but what about our psyches? Exercise is now widely deemed the not-so-secret recipe for boosting mood and reducing stress and anxiety. One study found that increasing your activity levels from doing nothing, to exercising at least three times a week, reduces the risk of depression by up to 30%.

Here are six types of workouts that could improve your mental health...

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Ask almost any runner you know and they'll confirm that the 'runner's high' the clarity and expansion one feels after a jog or sprint session is a thing. Melanie McKay took up the sport two years ago to lose weight but now continues for the mental health benefits, as well as the community she's met through joining a group.

She says: "Running calms me almost instantly. I have a fairly busy mind, but also one prone to some pretty dark thoughts. When I'm running I've got time to think things over, analyse, understand, and process. It's amazing to have something so simple to focus on which has such an impact. I'm so much happier as a runner."

Two 2007 studies MIND commissioned revealed that 94% said that green exercise activities such as running and walking had benefited their mental health so avoid the treadmill to boost results further. "Outdoor exercise or eco-therapy can be particularly beneficial and research suggests it can actually be as effective as antidepressants in treating mild to moderate depression," says Mind Information Manager, Rachel Boyd.

Yes, the clichs around hitting pads and punchbags being excellent for releasing stress and anger are true, reportedly even Prince Harry agrees he loves boxing for this reason. Finding an outlet for aggression can be both empowering and healing but also short, sharp 'rounds' of punching, followed by rest, results in an intense interval session, which releases lots of lovely endorphins. Then, if you choose to 'spar' with another boxer, you're almost duty-bound to enter 'flow', i.e. being focussed solely on the task at hand/present moment, a state that everyone from Buddhist monks to writers or Olympic athletes know to be blissful.

Trendy boutique boxing classes are popping up everywhere (e.g. the sport's goldenboy's Anthony Joshua's boxing gym Bxr), but local amateur boxing clubs also a very (cost effective) way of getting your punch on safely.

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"The mental health benefits of Pilates often get overlooked because of the traditional focus on Pilates for back health and core strength but in fact Joseph Pilates (Pilates' founder), believed so strongly in the connection between physical and mental health, and originally called his system of exercise 'Controlology', i.e. the control of the body with the mind.

"Learning the skill of Pilates and focusing on technique and how your body feels whilst in a class is a very mindful activity," says Karen Laing, a Pilates Instructor who has suffered with anxiety in recent years. "Pilates is brilliant for stress reduction and relaxation and great for Alpha types since there's no competitive element! Aside from the feelings of wellbeing from moving and mobilising your body, its focus on breathing and relaxation can help to switch on the body's parasympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for sleep and relaxation."

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Aug 22nd, 2017 | Filed under How to Lose Weight Safely

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Aug 20th, 2017 | Filed under How to Lose Weight Safely