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Struggling to shift the pounds and keep them off? Well, according to one of Harley Streets leading nutritional therapists, it could be down to your own hormones.

Stephanie Webster, who works with at the Urban Health Method Clinic in London, believes optimising our hormones may be the key to getting rid of unwanted weight gain. She thinks understanding our body and whats going on inside them could help women find the most effective solution for their weight loss struggles and hormonal weight gain.

The Urban Health Method Clinic uses the DUTCH Plus test, which is a comprehensive test of all 35 different horomones, to identify and highlight hormone imbalances in our bodies. Particular attention is paid to the stress hormone cortisol, which has been linked to hormonal weight gain. Hormones are about much more than just sex; they play a role in practically every human function, and actually influence everything from mental agility and body composition to how quickly we age, explains Stephanie. Even minor hormone imbalances, which occur naturally as we get older, can have a huge effect on our overall health and well-being. But many people, particularly women, are suffering in silence.

Stephanie explains that if you understand your bodys personal needs, you can then speak to your GP about supplementing your diet with the right bioidentical hormones. Bioidentical hormones are man-made hormones that are very similar to the hormones produced by the human body. Common bioidentical hormones that are matched are oestrogen, progesterone and testosterone. These are used for treatment in both men and women whose own hormones are low or out of balance.

Hormones are chemicals produced by different glands and tissues in the body and are responsible for regulating several processes in the body, such as appetite and metabolism, sleep cycles, heart rate, stress levels and body temperature. Women may experience imbalances (too much or too little of a certain hormone) in insulin, cortisol, thyroxin, androgens, oestrogen and progesterone, and this can impact your body.

Excess insulin,in particular, can cause weight gain and inflammation, by storing too much fat, while too much cortisol can shut down digestion and slow down your metabolism. If left it can cause high blood sugar, increased belly fat, high blood pressure and high cholesterol.

If you have a hormonal imbalance then you should speak to your GP about bioidentical hormones. But Stephanie advocates that you think about wider lifestyle changes. She reveals that she has identified that clients who also focus on improving their diet and minimising their stress levels can naturally work to optimise their hormones, resulting in accelerated fat loss. She recommends a diet free of processed and junk foods and high in protein.

Ultimately, Stephanie believes in prevention over cure, which is why they offer a wide range of diagnostic services, including health tests, DNA tests and body composition tests to help you care for your body and minimise disease risk, through simple, yet effective lifestyle choices, such as eating a healthy diet, boosting activity levels and understanding what your body needs to perform optimally.

If you believe that you might have a hormonal imbalance we recommend that you speak to your GP.

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Are your hormones the reason youre not losing weight? - woman&home

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Sep 20th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Effectively

Health workers who use handsanitizerbetween patients may be more likely to spread flu germs than those who take the time to wash their hands, a recent experiment suggests.

Thats because fresh mucus from infected patients interferes with the ability of the alcohol in hand sanitizer to reach concentrations needed to deactivate the flu virus, researchers report in mSphere.

Previously, it was recognized that rubbing hands withsanitizerand handwashing with an antiseptic cleanser have similar disinfection effects against flu viruses, said Dr. Ryohei Hirose, an infectious disease researcher at Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine in Japan who led the study.

However, in this study, we show that the physical properties of mucus protect influenza A virus from inactivation by ethanol-based disinfectants, Hirose said by email.

This increases the risk of (active influenza virus) transmission, and hinders the eradication of healthcare-acquired infections.

Researchers did a series of lab tests and computer simulations to examine how much active influenza A virus remained after exposure both to an ethanol-based disinfectant sanitizer and handwashing with an antiseptic cleanser.

Influenza A is the most common form of seasonal flu.

Flu virus in wet mucus from infected patients wasnt destroyed after two minutes of exposure to sanitizer it took about four minutes for the virus to be completely deactivated.

That compares to just 30 seconds with handwashing.

To see how mucus might make it harder to fight the flu, researchers dabbed volunteers fingers with either mucus or a saline solution containing the flu.

Then they tested how long it took to deactivate the virus so it would no longer be contagious.

The ethanol-based handsanitizercould destroy flu virus in saline solution within 30 seconds.Sanitizercould also deactivate flu virus in dried mucus in a little under 8 seconds.

But in moist mucus it took almost three minutes.

The key to effectiveness was reaching an alcohol concentration of just over 30%, which happened more slowly in the gel-like consistency of fresh mucus.

These results suggest that until infectious mucus has completely dried, active flu virus can remain on the hands and fingers even after using handsanitizer, the study team concludes.

Mucus containing the flu virus can take more than half an hour to dry, the experiments also found.

Handwashing, however, could effectively destroy the flu virus in both wet and dry mucus quickly, the tests showed.

One drawback is that the experiments dont reflect what would happen outside a laboratory setting when clinicians cleaned their hands between patients.

Still, handwashing is the best approach when hands have mucus on them because alcohol-basedsanitizercant physically remove organic material, said Elaine Larson, a researcher at the Mailman School of Public Health at Columbia University in New York City.

Handwashing is the method of choice for physically removing anything from the hands by mechanically washing them down the drain rather than killing germs, Larson, who wasnt involved in the study, said by email.

Alcohols are preferable, better and faster, for actually killing germs but not removing dirt, residue or organic material, Larson added.

It is, however, clearly the best option whenever a sink and clean materials (soap, towels) are not available.

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Sep 20th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Effectively

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Property Type Single Family Townhouse/Condo Country Homes/Acreage Mid/Hi Rise Condominium Residential Lots Multi Family

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Certain foods can accelerate breast cancer growth - Midland Reporter-Telegram

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Sep 20th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Effectively

To further future-proof their production processes, and to deliver on the industrys increasing demands for sustainability, efficiency, and reduced antibiotics usage, the Coren Group partners with Trouw Nutrition. By working closely together, and leveraging pioneering digital technologies, the 2 parties have been able to drive forward effectively.

Since its establishment over 50 years ago, the Coren Group has grown to become the largest agro-food cooperative in Spain with over 4,700 integrated and associated partners. Coren has a global workforce of over 7,000 families, and a turnover of over 1,000 million in 2017. Over the past decade, the Galician-headquartered food cooperative Coren Group has experienced unprecedented growth, expanding its commercial offering to over 55 countries, as well as its market share in the domestic Spanish market. Today, Coren is an industry leader in terms of its use of technologically advanced processes, production volumes, and socially responsible management models, and a reference point across the poultry, pork and cattle segments.

Corens' technical expert ruminants Braulio de la Calle (r) and Trouw's commercial director Joaquin Lorente Lluch look at the actual nutritional value of on-farm raw materials. Photo: Trouw

And, while the Coren Groups success stretches back to 1959, it now faces the realities of a rapidly evolving agro-food industry, as well as the challenges of geographic expansion into new countries. Indeed, more than ever, the Groups customers are demanding competitive prices, higher sustainability values, and reduced use of animal medication during production.

The Groups approach to animal feed processes, in particular, has offered the opportunity to unlock key sustainability and product quality benefits, and address the changing needs of key stakeholder groups.

Over the decades, our strong emphasis on research and development in the area of feed has led us to deliver industry-leading innovations, says Braulio de la Calle, Technical Coordinator Ruminants Coren Group. Across different markets weve led the way in Europe and beyond. Thanks to our pioneering feed processes and cost-effective approach, we offer products that achieve new levels of excellence without a negative impact on the wider environment. Moving forward, we must continue to embrace the opportunities offered by innovation.

In line with this heritage, and to drive further sustainable growth, Coren Group began collaborating with Trouw Nutrition, a leader in innovative feed specialities, premixes and nutritional services for the animal nutrition industry. By leveraging Trouw Nutritions deep expertise in the application of technology-enabled feed solutions that boost productivity and support animal health at all life stages, Coren Group has been able to maximise product quality and improve animal performance.

Coren was one of Trouw Nutrition's first customers to acquire and deploy the NutriOpt On-site Adviser, a portable NIR scanner. Photo: Trouw

In particular, this collaboration has further enabled Coren Groups Eficor line, a programme committed to the efficiency and quality of animal feed, animal welfare, and the wider environment, which is divided into two areas. The first is a line of feed for ruminants, which can be used from the birth of the calf until later in adulthood. The second area is a digital programme serving farmers, which allows for more efficient management of the cows diet based on milk analysis.

Trouw Nutritions services and tools in particular, NutriOpt, an innovative, digital platform delivering integrated solutions to support sustainable precision farming for optimal animal performance have been a great help in the development of our Eficor line, says Braulio de la Calle. Trouws service offering is a perfect strategic fit with the values of this line, as it leverages digital innovations and offers the best chance of delivering both high levels of product quality and sustainability to our customers and society at large.

Above all, solutions such as NutriOpt have allowed the Coren Group better insights into the nutritional quality of their raw materials and therefore of their feed composition. Coren Group has always been ready to make the most of feed opportunities offered by our research and development, says Joaquin Lorente Lluch, Commercial Director Ruminants, Trouw Nutrition. They were one of our first customers to acquire and deploy the NutriOpt On-site Adviser, our portable NIR scanner, around six months ago. They deliver this service across different farms to look at the actual nutritional value of on-farm raw materials. This provides an immediate feedback to the adviser and the farmer, which facilitates the decision-making process at the right moment.

In particular, the NutriOpt On-site Adviser offers real-time analysis by using a Near Infrared spectrometer (NIR sensor) in the form of a hand-held scanning device. After scanning the samples, the hand-held scanner sends all data to the mobile application, which creates a nutritional report of the scanned raw material, using the NutriOpt calibration lines and its nutritional database. This report can be used by Corens team to advise on feed formulations and to enrich the key decision-making processes, by offering data-driven advice to make informed choices immediately.

One the key benefits of the NutriOpt On-site Adviser for organisations like Coren Group is that it enables feed analyses in real-time, says Joaquin Lorente Lluch. The whole process takes five minutes or less, and can be performed on site in a user-friendly fashion. Indeed, this is a cost-efficient way to learn about the real nutritional value of on-farm raw materials; with a yearly subscription, you can have the key information in your hands anywhere, anytime.

By having at their disposal all the information that would traditionally take a lot of time and effort to collect, members of the Coren cooperative are able to work in a structured and professional way, making the most of the value of feed data. Specifically, on-site material testing can allow Corens partners to make informed decisions in the day-to-day use of their grass and corn ingredients and relevant formulations, based on real-time advice. Consequently, farmers can obtain a greater benefit, which is the main aim of the teams from Coren and Trouw Nutrition.

Indeed, the collaboration between Coren Group and Trouw Nutrition looks set to deliver further operational and business advantages. With the Coren Group looking to gain a competitive edge in new markets, digital tools like the NutriOpt On-site Adviser will soon be a commercial imperative, says Joaquin Lorente Lluch. From our side, well carry on listening to market needs and requirements, and seeing how we can use our technical expertise to add value to the industry. With such a committed partner, Im sure we can continue to deliver great successes the best is yet to come!

Learn more at nutriopt.com https://www.trouwnutrition.com/nutriopt

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Sep 20th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Effectively

Could a vegan diet increase the risk of stroke?

The World Health Organization says that 15 million people around the world suffer from strokes every year. Around five million strokes result in death and another five million result in permanent disability. Stroke is the leading cause of serious, long-term disability in the U.S., according to Stroke Center.

Two types of stroke exist (also called a cerebrovascular accident or CVA).

Ischemic strokes are the most common, making up around 80 percent of incidences. Ischemic strokes occur when blood clots block the flow of blood in the arteries to the brain. Blood clots usually form near arteries that have been narrowed or blocked by plaque, which is made up of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances.

Hemorrhagic strokes typically occur when a blood vessel in the brain bursts and bleeds. Aneurysms can also cause hemorrhagic strokes. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is the main cause of this kind of stroke; it contributes to more than 12.7 million strokes worldwide every year, Stroke Center says. Hypertension can weaken the brains arteries and make them more likely to split.

Both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes deprive the affected area of the brain from blood and oxygen, which causes brain cells to die and the part of the body that the section of the brain controls to stop working.

A study from 2005 suggests that warning signs of a stroke could appear up to a week before the attack. Researchers examined 2,416 people who had experienced an ischemic stroke and found that almost one out of every three ischemic stroke survivors had suffered from a transient ischemic attack (TIA), or mini-stroke, before the attack.

The symptoms of mini-strokes are similar to a stroke. They include dizziness; difficulty walking, seeing, speaking, or understanding others; loss of balance, and numbness or paralysis in the face, arm, or leg, usually on one side of the body. The difference between a stroke and mini-stroke is that mini-stroke symptoms typically resolve themselves in under five minutes and do not cause permanent injury to the brain. Sufferers should call emergency services at the onset of any of these symptoms.

What we havent been able to determine is how urgently patients must be assessed following a TIA in order to receive the most effective preventive treatment, researcher Peter M. Rothwell, MD, Ph.D., of the department of clinical neurology at Radcliffe Infirmary in Oxford, England, said in a statement. This study indicates that the timing of a TIA is critical, and the most effective treatments should be initiated within hours of a TIA in order to prevent a major attack.

Strokes are more likely for people over the age of 65 but they can occur at any age.

The major risk factor for stroke is high blood pressure. A diet high in fat, salt, and/or cholesterol can increase blood pressure.

Other major risk factors for stroke include heart disease and diabetes. Diabetes impacts the bodys ability to create insulin or use it effectively. People with diabetes typically have too much sugar in their blood which can lead to the buildup of clots inside the vessels that supply blood to the brain. This can cause blood vessels to narrow or become blocked and ultimately stop blood flow to the brain. Those with diabetes are 1.5 times more likely to have a stroke than people without diabetes, according to the American Diabetes Association.

Heavy drinking, lack of exercise, and smoking can also increase the risk of stroke.

People can take steps to reduce the risk of stroke.

The Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine (PCRM), a non-profit research and advocacy organization, promotes a plant-based diet as an avenue to lower blood pressure which, in turn, can reduce the risk of stroke. Fruits and vegetables are rich in potassium, a mineral that helps lower blood pressure by countering the negative effects of salt.

Plant-based foods are free from cholesterol and are often low in fat, which can also reduce blood pressure. Cutting out meat and dairy products can help reduce the viscosity, or thickness, of blood, which makes it easier for the body to pump and in turn, lowers blood pressure.

A study conducted by researchers at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health in Boston found that eating grilled fish, chicken, and well-done beef could raise blood pressure.

A separate study, published in theJournal of Nutrition, looked at how different diets like meat-based, vegetarian, and vegan diets influence health and disease. The research found that vegetarians had more bioactive markers that prevent disease than meat-eaters, while vegans had the highest count of all. These biomarkers could help prevent issues like hypertension as well as heart disease and cancer.

M. Alfredo Mejia the associate professor at the Department of Public Health, Nutrition & Wellness at Andrews University in Michigan conducted a study in 2018 to assess the impact of diet on blood pressure. Mejia placed 117 patients with high blood pressure on a whole-food, plant-based diet centered around potassium-rich foods. Half of the participants reduced their blood pressure to the recommended level without medication in just two weeks. Ninety-three percent of participants were able to reduce or eliminate their blood pressure medication after two weeks.

Research also links a plant-based diet to a lowered risk of diabetes, a condition that can increase the risk of stroke.

He added, Unlike medications, a plant-based diet doesnt just mask symptoms of diabetes, but it powerfully addresses the problems that led to the disease in the first place. Plus, all the side effectsof a diet change are good: Weight falls, cholesterol drops, blood pressure improves, and energy goes up.

He highlighted a study involving 96,000 participants which uncovered that those following a plant-based diet had around half the risk of developing diabetes compared to those who consume animal products.

A vegan diet could also lower the risk of heart disease, another major risk factor of stroke. A 2018 study published by the American Heart Association (AHA) looked at 100 participants suffering from coronary artery disease. Some study participants followed a plant-based diet while others adhered to the AHA-recommended diet, which allows small amounts of lean meats, fish, eggs, and low-fat dairy products.

The AHA admitted that the vegan group showed the best results. Inflammation was significantly reduced compared to other groups.

A separate study, by Cleveland Clinic, found that eating red meat could increase the risk of heart disease 1,000 percent more than a vegan diet.

Research from 2017 found that a plant-based diet could reduce the likelihood of several risk factors linked to stroke risk, including hypertension, diet quality, diabetes, waist-to-hip ratio, cardiac causes, and lipid profile. The research suggested that increasing the intake of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and limiting the consumption of meat and processed food could decrease the prevalence of high blood pressure, obesity, diabetes, and dyslipidemia.

In addition, this dietary pattern has been shown to have the ability to halt or reverse atherosclerosis via multiple mechanisms, it wrote. It added that observational studies of stroke incidence support eating more fruits and vegetables and less meat.

The study noted that those patients at high risk of stroke, particularly ischemic stroke, should be educated about plant-based nutrition with adequate B12 as a potentially powerful disease risk modifier.

Summary

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Does a Vegan Diet Increase Your Stroke Risk?

Description

Could a vegan diet increase the risk of stroke? Research suggests that a plant-based diet can reduce risk factors like heart disease and diabetes.

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Jemima Webber

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LIVEKINDLY

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Sep 20th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Effectively

If you have rosacea, you know how much of an inconvenience it can be when you have a flare-up. It can leave you self-conscious and frustrated, especially when it appears at just the best times (e.g., before a big event or presentation at work).

It might not be that comforting to know this, but here it is: You're not alone when it comes to this condition. "Rosacea is a very common inflammatory skin condition that affects approximately 16 million people in the U.S. alone," says Tiffany J. Libby, MD, a board-certified dermatologist and assistant professor of dermatology at Brown University. "There are four distinct subtypes of rosacea, but the two most common ones are the vascular or redness subtype that causes prolonged flushing and dilated blood vessels and the papulopustular type that resembles acne. While there may be some genetic component to the disorder, the exact cause is unknown. What we do know is that there is an interplay between dysregulation of certain microorganisms on the skin (microbiome) and a hyper-reactive response to certain triggers like UV light." It's most often found in people who have fair skin, but people with dark skin can get rosacea, too, and it affects both men and women.

Unfortunately, it's a chronic skin condition, but there are ways to treat it. You'll want to avoid (or be mindful of) any triggers that can cause a flare-up, like overly strenuous exercise, a hot or humid atmosphere, emotional upset, exposure to sun or intense cold, perfumed or scented products, abrasive exfoliants, and medications thatmight exacerbate flushing, according toSabrina Fabi, MD, a double board-certified dermatologist, dermatologic cosmetic surgeon, assistant clinical professor at the University of California, San Diego.

Additionally, certain foods can be triggers, too, which Libby and Fabi outlined below.

Apologies if youlike to douse everything in hot sauce. Spicy food can increase body temperature, which can trigger a flare-up and also cause dilated blood vessels,which will worsen the redness.

Like spicy foods, consuming hot beverages and dishes can cause a body-temperature spike.

Enjoy happy hour with caution. "Alcohol (especially wine) is another common culprit, and up to half of adults with rosacea recognize this as a trigger for their rosacea," says Libby.

Well, you'll want to avoid this for a variety of health concerns, not just rosacea, but according to Fabi, "In one study, a diet high in fatty foods also correlated with a worsening of rosacea."

When it comes to foods you should eat to help soothe rosacea, unfortunately, there's no definitive answer, as more research needs to be done. But Fabi says there are some studies that have found a link between rosacea and a healthy gut. "While further research is required in this area, patients may be advised on measures to support a healthy gut microbiome, including the consumption of a fiber-rich (prebiotic) diet," she suggests.

If you've done your best to avoid triggers, stayed away from spicy foods, alcohol, etc., and still find yourself with a flare-up, there are some dermatologist-recommended over-the-counter products that you can try (and some that should be used daily to keep flare-ups away). We asked Fabi and Libby for their favorites.

SkinMedica Total Defense Plus Repair Sunscreen, SPF 50 ($68)

Sunscreen is key. Fabiadvises a daily application of a sunscreen that protects against UVA and UVB rays, contains antioxidants, and is ideally mineral-based. In particular, she recommends Total Defense and Repair by SkinMedica.If you're in direct sunlight, reapply every two hours.

Cetaphil Redness Control Daily Foaming Face Wash ($8)

"You want to minimize irritation and stick to products that are designed for sensitive and redness-prone skin," Libby recommends. "My go-to calming and gentle cleanser option for rosacea patients is the Cetaphil Foaming Face Wash for Redness-Prone Skin. It is noncomedogenic and hypoallergenic, and effectively cleanses the skin of impurities without overdrying and disrupting the skin's microbiome, which could flare rosacea."

The Ordinary Azelaic Acid Suspension 10% ($8)

Libby also reaches for azelaic acid, which is found in grains and can brighten skin tone, even texture, and reduce blemishes when treating rosacea. She suggests The Ordinary's formula.

SkinMedica Redness Relief CalmPlex ($88)

Tosoothe redness, Fabi recommends a topical with niacinamide, which is a form of vitamin B3.

Libby says other treatments for rosacea include prescription topical and oral medications, and cosmetic interventions like chemical peels and lasers. But before you try any of these outlined above or modify your diet, you shouldchat with your dermatologist first to come up with a tailored treatment plan that works best for you.

Next up: I've Had Eczema My Whole LifeThese Are the Foods That Are Supposed to Help

This article originally appeared on The Thirty

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Sep 20th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Effectively

A panel of experts from four leading U.S. medical and nutrition organizations released new guidelines on Wednesday that offer the latest evidence-based recommendations on what children should and should not drink from birth through age 5.

Most parents wont be surprised to learn that the panel recommends only breast milk, infant formula and water for babies under 12 months old, at which point, say the experts, milk can be added.

Nor will they be surprised that the panel says sugar- or artificially sweetened beverages including chocolate and other flavored milks should not be given to young children.

What may startle some parents are the panels recommendations about fruit juice and plant-based beverages, such as almond, rice or oat milk.

The experts say children aged 1 to 5 should drink no more than half a cup (4 ounces) a day of fruit juice, and that it must be 100 percent juice no fruit drinks or fruit punches. But even that recommendation is lukewarm. A much better choice, the panel stresses, is to skip the juice and give the child a piece of whole fruit instead.

As for plant-based milks, the experts do not recommend them as a substitute for cows milk unless a child has been diagnosed with an allergy or an intolerance to dairy products or the childs family follows a vegan diet and avoids all foods from animal sources. In those cases, the panel recommends fortified soymilk.

Milk-based products lack some of the key nutrients essential for healthy growth and development that are found in cows milk, most notably protein, calcium and vitamin D, the experts stress. Some plant-based milks are fortified with those missing nutrients, but its not known how effectively added nutrients are absorbed into childrens bodies. In addition, many plant-based milks are sweetened with added sugar.

The guidelines also recommend against giving children transition or weaning formulas, also known as toddler milks, growing up milks or follow-up formulas.

Toddler milks dont offer any nutritional benefit over a healthy, balanced diet, the experts write. They point out that these products often contain corn syrup solids or other calorie-containing sweeteners and tend to have more sodium and less protein than cows milk. Toddler milks are also more expensive than cows milk.

The new recommendations are a collaborative effort by the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Heart Association, the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. The project was led by Healthy Eating Research, which conducts nutrition-related research.

From the time children are born through those first few years, beverages are a significant source of calories and nutrients and can have a big impact on health long into the future, said Dr. Richard Besser, president and CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, which funded the development of the guidelines, in a released statement. Families deserve clear and consistent guidance on what their young children should drink and what they should avoid.

As the guidelines point out, the overconsumption of unhealthy beverages along with inadequate consumption of healthy beverages in early childhood can contribute to an increased risk of diet-related chronic diseases, such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, or dental caries.

Yet, a large proportion of young children in the United States drink unhealthy beverages on a daily basis. For example, many infants drink both cows milk and 100 percent fruit juice before their first birthday, which can increase their risk for nutrient deficiencies, such as anemia, the guidelines points out.

And almost half 44 percent of American children aged 1 to 5 drink a sugar-sweetened beverage daily.

Sugar-sweetened beverages are considered a major factor behind the growing rate of obesity among young people. More than a thirdof U.S. children and teens, aged 2 to 19, are either overweight or obese, according to government data.

Here is the panels snapshot version of their new recommendations. As the experts point out, these recommendations are intended for healthy children, not for children with medical conditions that have specific nutritional requirements.

All kids 5 and Under:All kids 5 and under should avoid drinking flavored milks, toddler formulas, plant-based/non-dairy milks, caffeinated beverages and sugar- and low-calorie sweetened beverages, as these beverages can be big sources of added sugar in young childrens diets and provide no unique nutritional value.

0 6 Months: Babies need only breast milk or infant formula to get enough fluids and proper nutrition.

6 12 Months: In addition to breast milk or infant formula, offer a small amount of drinking water once solid foods are introduced to help babies get familiar with the taste just a few sips at meal times is all it takes. Its best for children under 1 not to drink juice. Even 100% fruit juice offers no nutritional benefits over whole fruit.

12 24 Months: Its time to add whole milk, which has many essential nutrients, along with plain drinking water for hydration. A small amount of juice is OK, but make sure its 100% fruit juice to avoid added sugar. Better yet, serve small pieces of real fruit, which are even healthier.

2 5 Years: Milk and water are the go-to beverages. Look for milks with less fat than whole milk, like skim (non-fat) or low-fat (1%). If you choose to serve 100% fruit juice, stick to a small amount, and remember adding water can make a little go a long way!

FMI: You can read the guidelines and the reasoning behind them in full at HealthyDrinksHealthyKids.org.

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Sep 20th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Effectively

Exposing skin to sunlight is a convenient way to meet our vitamin D needs, which is crucial for bone health. That might make you wonder: Does wearing sunscreen interfere with vitamin D levels and potentially cause vitamin D deficiency?

The short answer is yes. But before you toss your SPF 30, dermatologists say the relationship between sunscreen and vitamin D is much more nuanced than that.

According to Dr. Henry W. Lim, chair emeritus of the department of dermatology at the Henry Ford Health System and former president of the American Academy of Dermatology, if sunscreen is supplied in a thick layer it can effectively block sunlight and cause a lack of vitamin D synthesis in skin, Lim said. A thick layer is defined as roughly equivalent to about 1 ounce, or the size of one golf ball, for the full body, he said.

However, in the real world most people apply less than this amount, Lim added. In other words, the in use SPF is actually lower than the labeled SPF.

So, you may not have to worry about vitamin D deficiency if youre not putting enough sunscreen on in the first place.In one Australian study, adequate vitamin D levels were maintained over the course of a summer whether individuals used a broad spectrum sunscreen or a placebo cream. Researchers attributed the results in part to the lack of total skin cover at all times.

Those who do apply sunscreen generously, and religiously wear hats and SPF-protected clothing when exposed to sunlight something Lim recommends in order to reduce the risk of skin cancer will have a higher probability of vitamin D insufficiency, Lim explained.

For the vast majority of the public, there should be no concern with vitamin D levels, but for those who practice rigorous protection, namely, wearing photoprotective clothing, hats, staying in the shade when outdoors, and applying sunscreen they do have a higher risk, Lim said.

Vitamin D is synthesized in skin when its exposed to UVB wavelengths from the sun.

So if 15% to 20% of ones body surface is exposed to sunlight, unprotected, for 15 to 20 minutes, two to three times per week, one could achieve adequate vitamin D levels. But even with low levels of sunlight, cumulative sun damage can occur over the long-term, Lim explained.

When the skin tans, there is DNA damage, and so with repeated low-dose exposure, the DNA damage could accumulate and potentially increase the risk of skin cancer and photoaging, Lim said. Squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma are the most common skin cancers in humans, and are correlated with the degree of ones sun exposure, while melanoma,the deadliest form of skin canceris often the result of more intermittent, intense sun exposure, Lim explained.

Patients need to use sun protection to minimize their risk for skin cancer, and yes it does impede the bodys ability to make vitamin D. I tell patients if we found out cigarette smoking increased vitamin D levels, we wouldnt tell patients to smoke, said Dr. Patricia Farris, a dermatologist and fellow of the American Academy of Dermatology. In other words, you cant recommend exposing patients to a known carcinogen (UV light) just to raise their vitamin D levels.

To reduce the risk of skin cancer and skin aging, dermatologists recommend practicing sensible photoprotection. That means wearing wide-brimmed hats, sunglasses, and sun protective clothing. Photoprotective clothing, which is labeled UPF, is tightly weaved, and so the amount of UV radiation that would penetrate is quite low, Lim said.

A broad spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher, which protects against harmful UVA and UVB rays, should be generously applied to all exposed areas of the body when one is outside for a prolonged period of time, in order to minimize the risk of sunburn and skin cancer, Lim explained. (A sunscreens SPF, or sun protection factor, is a relative measure that indicates the degree of sunburn protection that a sunscreen provides. For example, when using a SPF 30 sunscreen, it would take 30 times the UV dose to produce redness compared to skin without sunscreen.)

While individuals with darker skin have a lower risk of skin cancer from sunlight, they should still follow these guidelines, according to Lim. The American Academy of Dermatology is in the process of developing photoprotection guidelines for individuals of different skin types, according to Lim.

As far as getting enough vitamin D, Lim recommends taking a daily multivitamin, which typically contains an amount of vitamin D that would provide adequate blood levels of the vitamin. Optimizing vitamin D levels are important for bone health, and can help to minimize the thinning of bone and risk of fractures. TheNational Institute of Medicines Recommended Dietary Allowancefor vitamin D, which is based on a person receiving minimal or no sun exposure, is:

To achieve adequate vitamin D levels, it is best to take a multivitamin each day rather than relying on sun exposure. The former is simple and inexpensive, and at the same time prevents the development of skin cancer and skin aging, Lim said.

Vitamin D supplements can also help, and are very effective for those who have low vitamin D levels, Farris added.

In addition to vitamin D supplements, the American Academy of Dermatology recommends getting vitamin D from a healthy diet that includes foods naturally rich in vitamin D, such as salmon, tuna, sardines, cod liver oil, and egg yolks, or foods and beverages fortified with vitamin D, such as cereals, yogurt, milk and orange juice.

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Sep 20th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Effectively

Two Canadians were found to be bringing in bottles of CBD oil going to Washington state, which resulted to a lifetime ban on entry to the US despite the fact that some cannabidiol and cannabis products are legal in the states.

The US Customs and Border Protection declared that marijuana importation is still largely illegal under the federal law, according to their spokesperson in an interview with CTV News.

Spokesman Jason Givens was asked about CBD oil and other marijuana-derived products, which led him to point out a statement found in a hemp importation website. According to it, certain products containing tetrahydrocannabinol or THC are not allowed for importation. On the other hand, products with THC but does not in any way enter the body may be permitted.

THC is the active component of cannabis that is responsible for the high users experience when using such substance. It may have hallucinogenic effects when taking potent forms of marijuana.

The federal law based on the 2018 Farm Bill only allows the harvest, distribution, and use of CBD containing no more than 0.3% THC content. Also, marijuana is mostly illegal in the US, with the exception of a few states, including Washington state.

Saunders, attorney to the Canadians, cannot confirm whether his clients brought properly labeled CBD oils, or if the formulation has more than the THC limit. Various CBD oils and related products in the market contain high THC or none at all, depending on the preparation.

When CTV News pressed Givens about the CBPs stand on Canadians who bring CBD oils labeled as not containing THC, whether they will be held at the border and subjected to a lifetime ban from entering the US, Givens says that its a debatable issue.

Givens adds that there are products labeled with no THC but has traceable THC content. Every incident is unique and as such needs a specific response. They reiterate that the immigration officer reacts based on the presented facts and circumstances, which will then determine the admissibility of the case. Responses of the accused in the investigation of CBP officers would weigh in on the final decision as well.

There are two types of CBD, which may be why controversies still surround the product. Cannabidiol or CBD is extracted from the Cannabis sativa L., the source plant species that produces both hemp and marijuana.

This means that CBD can either be taken from the hemp variety, which is legal anywhere in the US; or extracted from the marijuana variety, which according to FDA rules is still among the list of controlled substances.

The reason for hemp being a legal substance is because it does not reach the threshold for hallucinogenic THC. Hemp may have little to no THC at all, which makes it safe for use.

CBD has grown in popularity over the years, particularly in the past year because a lot of users have claimed that it has therapeutic effects on the human body. It is a known treatment to intractable epilepsy but is also used for a myriad of health conditions such as cancer, depression, and anxiety.

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Sep 20th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Effectively

JOHANNESBURG - As an industry life insurers should be asking themselves some pretty tough questions. One that should be keeping everyone up at night is, have we truly seen innovation (or at a minimum, evolution) that unlocks deep structural value for clients or is the sector instead paying lip-service to innovation, while maintaining its status quo?

Historically, insurers have believed that they were innovating by proliferating product.

This perpetuated a systemic push to sell insurance products that claimed to meet consumer needs by creating multiple iterations of themselves. In reality, this simply fed the pipeline distribution and did little to enhance client experience or value.

The status quo puts the needs of the insurer ahead of its clients - the opposite of what innovation should be. The deluge of product has even led to regulations ensuring offerings arent unfairly pushed on to clients by overzealous insurance people.

While there will always be a need for updated products, this is not the ultimate innovation.

If we are to challenge the status quo, we urgently need to reinvent the innovation agenda.

Client experience and access on their own terms is where the future sits. Simplicity (without losing comprehensiveness) should consume our attention. We need to deliver gold-standard products, and solutions that enhance relevance, without leaving the client behind.

Enhancing relevance requires a long, hard look at three focus areas:

* Personalisation: product evolution is not personalisation. Addressing the needs of each client has opened the door to areas like genetic testing as the ultimate personalisation tool, offering financial solutions tailored specifically to individual requirements.

Science allows todays insurer to know clients so well that they can match their needs continuously. The real value comes when the insurer manages the client as a sample of one, building a wider financial service offering thats clear, transparent and customised. A recent partnership between Investec and DNAFit is an example of this. DNA testing now gives the client insights around diet, food sensitivity, exercise response, injury predisposition, stress and sleep response. But this is not true innovation, just yet.

While genetic testing can tell a person a lot about their current health status and what medicine, diet and exercise approach will help them manage it most effectively, its the predisposition factors that allow insurers to create bespoke solutions for individuals instead of the status quo, the one-size-fits-all approach.

Genetic testing can indicate risk disposition for a range of conditions and allow pre-emptive treatment that can decrease risks before any symptoms appear. While we cannot ever remove risks completely, we can decrease them - something often referred to as the Angelina Effect, where actress Angelina Jolie opted for a double mastectomy given her genetic disposition to breast cancer.

Extreme as an example, but nonetheless an indication of where a client can opt to manage their circumstances. Its just that - the opportunity to make informed decisions. Increasingly, insurers are finding the tools to keep their clients healthy instead of simply managing situations when they become ill. This is how an insurer prioritises the client, based on the understanding that insurer needs are in fact aligned with their clients.

These are solutions for specific client needs rather than to fit a business model. How this is delivered in a high-touch, digital-first way is what will create exponential value.

* Technological enablement: modern digital enablement is increasingly the business mode of choice. But its not technology for technologys sake.

True innovation is when insurance embraces technology to give clients a better understanding of their insurance needs and health risks, so they can manage them better and enjoy a better quality of life.

Technology makes insurance a seamless process. It empowers clients with knowledge and an appreciation of its value. The future of our business is about clear, transparent value-add to clients.

Part of delivering simplicity is innovating around the process of buying insurance, risk assessment and medical underwriting. This process has long been a significant inconvenience for clients, making it ripe for innovation. Matching this with personalised, gold-standard products is what technology innovation looks like in the insurance space right now.

Modern life insurance is now technology-enabled to ensure every client can make the right lifestyle choices, and choose the appropriate insurance product with the right cover, at the right time.

* Client-centric solution design: our business is about clear, transparent value-add to clients. Its not just a focus on diet and wellness, but rather clear offerings based on fact (science) to help clients objectify information in their own lives. For example, along with objective advice and the choice on how to engage us; we are able to give you access to understand optimal diet and exercise information, matched with a personalised solution based on your individual needs.

The changing world also means the sector must relook what it considers relevant in terms of coverage. Stress, for example, is a marker for mental health and, linked to predisposed conditions, there is a level of predictability around what cover could be required.

On one level it raises questions around product innovation to meet needs, but at another level raises an ethical responsibility to provide a life-insurance solution addressing this.

At scale, looking at the lifestyle of professionals is a move in the right direction for client-centric solutions. This is innovation that we can - and should - be delivering.

Key to this is innovation that benefits clients first, which means that we would not receive client DNA data or use DNA testing to prejudice clients on their insurance policies, but rather keep the focus entirely on helping clients make better and more informed financial and health choices.

From an insurer perspective, this approach is also about de-risking in a transparent, open way. For example, pharmacogenomics can now also tell us how a person will react to medication in areas like cancer and mental illness. This has massive implications for optimising treatment rather than wasting time on trial-and-error approaches.

Choosing genetically indicated treatment timeously has huge meaning in terms of income protection, allowing people to work and earn for longer, and minimising treatment periods. Overall, there is also room for innovation around the type of insurance product offered.

South Africans are often adequately covered when it comes to insuring for our death, but not if something goes wrong and we are unable to work due to illness or injury. This means significant opportunities around income protection, disability and severe-illness cover.

The question then becomes how to give clients the insurance they need, and help with their health in a personalised way that adds value and adapts over time. Our sector needs to realise this and respond appropriately.

The insurer that does this best will have the agility to identify gaps, the courage to act on them, and the heritage and client equity to inspire trust. This is innovation.

Michael Goemans is the chief executive of Investec Life.

BUSINESSREPORT

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OPINION: Use of innovation adds value for clients - IOL

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Sep 20th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Effectively