Archive for the ‘Diet Safely’ Category

Its the season to celebrate. And no celebration in the festive season is complete without loads of sweets. A month down the line and we are no longer proud of our waistlines!! The festive season brings with it a heavy intake of processed foods for meals, snacks and the in-betweens. All good things come with a price, which in this case means added sugar and tons of calories.

A quick look at the dietary recommendations first. Good health indicators tell us that we need to limit the total added sugar intake to less than 10% per day. Without playing a spoilt sport in the festive season, we must remember that white sugar consumption is the main cause of lifestyle-related disorders like obesity and type 2 Diabetes. None of these is good news and before we dig into the sweets around us, we must remember a saying I live by. Once on the lips, forever on the hips!!

Its not all that disappointing actually. The recent influx of low-calorie sweeteners (LCS) can make you feel far less guilty before you dig into your next piece of besan ladoo. These sweeteners are food additives that provide sweetness with minimal calories. Low-calorie sweeteners act as a wonderful replacement to traditional sugars without affecting the taste of the food. I have been studying these sweeteners and the options available for quite some time now and have spoken to doctors, health experts and chefs who use them. My view is that it can be safely concluded that LCS may benefit blood glucose levels and are effective in weight management. A healthy diet or low-calorie diet has minimal or no free sugars. Low-calorie sweeteners are a safe alternative to free sugars when consumed within permissible limits.

At a recent forum on low-calorie sweeteners and healthy living, there was a debate on how these additives are safe for consumption. Noted chef Sanjeev Kapoor had a take on this. While he did agree that replacing most high-calorie food products is difficult, yet sugar which adds free calories to the diet can be replaced easily with low-calorie sweeteners. His take was that if we try low-calorie sweeteners for two to three weeks, we get habituated to the taste.

With Diwali in the next few days, you would want to indulge in yummy traditional sweets and distribute the same to your friends and family. While one is merry-making and pleasing the sweet tooth, one needs to be cautious of the sugar intake and at the same time doesnt have to give it up as well.

So here are some tips to go sugar-free this Diwali:

Sharing some healthy sugarfree recipes:

Apple / custard apple kheer



Pumpkin Halwa



DISCLAIMER : Views expressed above are the author's own.

More here:
Go sugar-free and guilt-free this Diwali! - Economic Times

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Oct 18th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Safely

Chinese medicine as a system of diet, acupuncture, and the interplay of physical and mental health was written down some 2,200 years ago, and before and since, has been interpreted by trained specialists and well-meaning parents alike. Of all the ways to heal in Chinese medicine, food comes first. This might seem especially prescient given the current obsession in the United States with functional mushrooms and bone broth, but the earliest doctors werent thinking about food as wellness. They were thinking about not starving. Throughout Chinese medicines development, famines in the Middle Kingdom wiped out millions at a time more regularly than war or epidemics. And so, Chinese doctors wrote foraging, farming, and cooking guides. They wrote about how to render roughage more digestible, offal more delicious, and how to make every bite count. In old China, a footed soup pot, not a sword or a pen, represented power on banners and in songs. Wielded right, a soup pot prevented catastrophe.

Original post:
Women On Food Book Excerpt - Months Of Magical Eating - Refinery29

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Oct 16th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Safely

How many diets have you started? After that initial high where youre absolutely killing it, once you start thinking, Can I never have ice cream again?, how many diets have you stopped? Our culture puts a big emphasis on diets that centers nearly exclusively around what youre eating and how much. Of course, this is huge: any diet addresses the food youre eating. But why youre eating all the triggers besides hunger that cause you to graze is at the core of why diets succeed or fail.

Noom is an app that takes a holistic, mindful approach to healthy dieting. Its a meal tracker, sure, but it also provides a customized plan for altering negative thought patterns around food, a curriculum thats been developed based on psychological studies. They use tons of research to create game plans (not meal plans) that help you break bad habits, set actionable goals, and identify deeper motivations for dieting all of which help keep you pushing when the new-diet shine fades and you want to dive into a swimming pool filled with of mint chocolate chip mouth first.

Users new to Noom answer questions to build a demographic profile to create a plan that makes sense for them. The questions vary from the obvious (age, weight, eating habits) to the nuanced (medical issues, geographic location, attitude toward dieting). Interested in seeing what your personalized plan looks like? Head to to get started! | Start at Noom >

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AN APP FOR THAT Noom's Weight-Loss App Is About More Than Tracking Calories The best - The Daily Beast

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Oct 16th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Safely

People in West Roxbury - and Roslindale - who get those blue ValPak envelopes filled with coupons this week got at least one "coupon" that advertises an alleged conspiracy by the "bicycle lobby" and people from outside the neighborhood to destroy West Roxbury by forcing bike lanes onto Centre Street, and down the throats of the good citizens of that leafy neighborhood.

The "coupons" do not indicate who paid for them and do not mention that the city ignored calls to do something about pedestrian problems along the windy four-lane road until a West Roxbury resident walking in a Centre Street crosswalk died after being hit by a motorist who said she was blinded by the sun - at the same intersection where another West Roxbury resident suffered a traumatic brain injury three years earlier when he was hit by a motorist who sped by another driver who had stopped to let him walk across the street.

After an emotional meeting at the West Roxbury Elks Club following Marilyn Wentworth's death, city planners began looking at a proposal to essentially narrow Centre Street to three lanes - one travel lane in each direction and a turning lane in the middle, with pedestrian islands at several intersections.

The proposal would allow for dedicated bike lanes - the street does not currently have any. At a raucous meeting at Holy Name School, some people who do not live in West Roxbury, including the owner of a Jamaica Plain bicycle shop, supported the plan. However, the bulk of bicyclists - or parents of bicyclists - who rose to support the idea gave West Roxbury addresses, and discussed how they tried to avoid Centre Street because it is so dangerous.

See the article here:
West Roxbury against the world: Somebody paying to advertise alleged threat to neighborhood from bicycle conspiracy - Universal Hub

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Oct 16th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Safely

This waspis an equal-opportunity head-chewer

To deposit its eggs, the parasitic oak gall wasp pierces a leaf or stem with its ovipositor, a tubelike organ. The plant swells, forming tumorlike growths called galls. These serve as nursery domes, or crypts. Within each crypt, a wasp egg develops until it is large enough to chew a hole into the galls skin and emerge an adult. That is, unless the crypt-keeper wasp Euderus set, a parasite in its own right arrives.

The wasp locates smooth, dome-shaped galls created by the other wasps. Then, puncturing the gall, it injects its eggs beside or inside the young oak gall wasp, Bassettia pallida. As both eggs develop inside the crypt, the baby crypt-keeper feeds off the body of baby Bassettia.

From 15p 0.18 $0.18 USD 0.27 a day, more exclusives, analysis and extras.

Just as theBassettia beginchewing an escape hatch into the gall skin, Euderus stops it. Now the unfinished hole is too small to allow exit. Bassettias head becomes caught, and a few days later, Euderus will crawl into the head and chew its way out, the victor: a parasites parasite. Astudy led by Scott Egan, at Rice University, indicates that the crypt-keeper used many different species of hosts, and all the hosts had one key thing in common: the galls they occupied were small, smooth, non-woody, lacking fuzz or sharp spines defenceless.

Chitons roll into a ball to help them to get to places without losing their footing (NYT)

Pondering a molluscwith acrobatic skills

Why did the chiton roll into a ball? To get to the other side, says Julia Sigwart, an evolutionary biologist at Queens University Belfast in Northern Ireland.

About 500 million years ago, a couple of species of now-extinct trilobites became the first animals to roll themselves into a ball for protection. The trilobites living doppelgnger is the chiton. This marine molluscsplated shell drapes over a soft body and mucousy foot, giving it the appearance of a flattened piece of shrimp nigiri.

Like trilobites, three-banded armadillos, pill bugs, hedgehogs and other animals, the chiton can roll itself into a ball. Many scientists had assumed this acrobatic manoeuvre, known as conglobation, defends the animals, most of which are smaller than an inch or two, against predators. But Sigwart, who studies chitons, never really bought that explanation: if a predator can swallow you whole, she reasoned, rolling into a Tic Tac probably would not save you.

In a series of lab experiments, Sigwart showed that rolling into balls has more to do with helping chitons get to places where they can reattach after losing their footing. She hopes that these findings, published in Biology Letters, add evidence to a novel argument: that chitons are capable of making decisions.

Chitons do sometimes roll defensively, for instance, if they perceive a need to protect their soft bodies when poked. But, usually, they do not do much more than stick to habitable surfaces. And occasionally they move. When they detach, they may curl into balls, which can help them fall and roll more safely to a new location.

The critical problem for chitons is that they are top-heavy but not flexible enough to twist and have no appendages. So when they accidentally land on their backs, they cannot flip back. All they can do is arch and thrust out their foot. With luck, they will touch something they can push off to right themselves or a place to stick and stay safe. Their foot glue is so strong that if you were to lift a chiton off a rock too strongly, its body and shell would rip off, leaving the foot behind. And that makes the foot an important element of their defence against hungry predators, Sigwart says.

In each experimental trial, the researchers placed a chiton upside down in the middle of a test tank. Then, they added water from a tank with more chitons or a tank with an ochre sea star. Chitons can detect this natural predators scent. The researchers found that the chitons exposed to it were three times less likely to spend time rolled up than those that were not. These threatened chitons opted to arch and reach. Its an energy-intensive defence that can risk exposing its soft body, but it can also reward a chiton by helping it find a safe place to survive.

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Cavemen ate an early form of canned soup by preserving bones in animal hides 400,000 years ago (DrRuth Blasco/AFTAU /SWNS.COM)

Original paleodiet recipe: cave-aged bone marrow

Sealed for millenniums, Qesem Cave in central Israel is a limestone time capsule of the lives and diets of palaeolithic people from 420,000 to 200,000 years ago. Inside, ancient humans once butchered fresh kills with stone blades and barbecued meat on campfires. It was believed that early hominins were consuming everything they could put their hands on immediately, without storing or preserving or keeping things for later, says Ran Barkai, an archaeologist at Tel Aviv University in Israel.

But not every meal was scarfed down right after a hunt. Barkai and his colleagues have found the caves earliest inhabitants may have also stored animal bones filled with tasty marrow that they feasted on for up to nine weeks after the kill, sort of like a stone age canned soup.

The finding may be the earliest example of prehistoric humans saving food for later consumption and may also offer insight into the abilities of ancient humans to plan for their future needs. The study was published inScience Advances. Barkais team examined cut marks on nearly 82,000 animal fragments from Qesem Cave, most belonging to fallow deer. The researchers noticed unusual, heavy chop marks on the ends of some leg bones known as the metapodials.

Usually, stripping the hide from a fresh bone requires minimal force, he says. But the heavy chops indicated that the processing used more force than should have been necessary. We had a hypothesis that these unusual chop marks at the end of the meatless bones had to do with the removal of dry skin, he says. But why were they doing that?

The team concluded the ancient hominins, who shared features with Homo sapiens and Neanderthals but were probably neither, were removing dry skin on the bones to get to the marrow. That presented another question: If they were after marrow, why not just remove it from the bone when it was fresh? The researchers hypothesised that the chop marks were an indication that the early humans stored the bones so they could eat the marrow later.

To test their idea, the team collected freshly killed deer leg bones and then stored them for several weeks in conditions similar to those inside the cave. After every week, they would break open a bone and analyse the marrow to see how nutritious it still was. Every time, a researcher would remove the dried skin using a flint flake and then hammer open the bone with a quartzite tool, similar to what the ancient people would have had used. The researcher wasnt given instructions on how to open the bone.

The team found that the researchers chop marks on the older leg bones with dried skin were similar to what they saw in Qesem Cave. Their chemical test showed that after nine weeks, the fat in the bone marrow degraded only a little and was still nutritious.

Eight arms, 40 winks and who knows how many dreams?

Heidi the octopus is sleeping. Her body is still, eight arms tucked neatly away. But her skin is restless. She turns from ghostly white to yellow, flashes deep red, then goes mottled green and bumpy like plant life. Her muscles clench and relax.

From the outside, the cephalopod looks like a person twitching and muttering during a dream or like a napping dog chasing dream squirrels. But an octopus is almost nothing like a person. So how much can anyone really say with accuracy about what Heidi was doing?

It is only conjecture to say the octopus is dreaming without more data, says University of Cambridge psychologist Nicola Clayton. Does the sequence of Heidis colour changes match an experience she had while awake? Clayton points out that a human sleeper might flush red because she is overheated.

A fatberg blocks a sewer in Sidmouth (AP)

The mysterious blob that didnt come from outer space

When a giant fatberg was discovered in the sewer of a small coastal town in southwestern England last year, the company that manages the pipes was so mystified by the greasy mass of solidified fats and waste materials that it enlisted the help of scientists to discover what it was made of.

The grisly results of an autopsy held some surprises. Stuck within the stomach-churning lump were wet wipes, oils, sanitary products and even a set of false teeth.

Fatbergs are commonly associated with big cities such as London and New York. Their contents can become a taxonomy of the habits of the inhabitants of nearby towns or cities.

New York Times

Science news in brief: From head-chewing parasitic wasps to palaeolithic bone marrow - The Independent

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Oct 16th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Safely

2019 candidate thoughts

Franklin County Fire District

What is your vision for the fire district over the next four years.

Brian Checketts -To maintain a strong relationship with the other emergency response agencies in our county.

Dave Kerr -I want to continue building a strong inter-agency working relationship with all other county agencies and maintain a high level of trained personnel as we meet the growing needsof Franklin County.

Fred Titensor -1- provide exceptional fire protection to all those that reside in our county.

2- with our existing fire volunteers to make sure that we have adequate volunteers to serve our community. Make sure our volunteers are adequately trained and properly supported with the necessary equipment to safely and effectively do their job.

3-provide detailed review and strict fiscal oversight to the fire district budget.

What do you think are the main issues facing your community right now? and, in the future?

Brian Checketts -I dont know that there are many issues related to the Fire District, but our community is growing so we need to grow with the community so we can provide the best fire protection and emergency response as possible.

Dave Kerr -I see two major issuesthat will need to be addressed very soon. First, there is the issue of addressinggrowth while being fiscally responsible. This is always a difficult challenge.

The second issue is equally tough. This wonderful community has in large part been built on the backs of volunteers. That is one of the strengths that makes us a close-knit community. The rub is because there are fewer who are able to leave their job at a moments notice to share their training and talents as we serve people in their time of great need.

Fred Titensor -Franklin County is at a critical juncture over the next 10 years. We have seen significant growth in the south end of Cache Valley. We have to be prepared to deal with growth as it moves towards our county. The real challenge is being prepared for those growth challenges without overburdening our existing tax base.

What is your plan to handle those issues?

Brian Checketts - ...we need to grow with the community so we can provide the best fire protection and emergency response as possible.

Dave Kerr -Create a larger group of trained 'professional' volunteers by reaching out to local business owners, families and neighbors. I don't mean to imply it will be fun, (even though it canbe at times) but asvolunteers work side by side in difficult situations, they develop newfriendships and a higher sense of self worth. This is contagious and more people will want to join the ranks and serve others.

Fred Titensor -The most effective way is to keep our existing house in order. If we keep our finances, support staff, and infrastructure in place then we don't have to play catch up years later when we need resources and we can't access them. This can be a vicious cycle that can be prevented with proper planning.

Why should the public vote for you?

Brian Checketts - Answer not provided.

Dave Kerr- I served as a volunteer firefighter for 28 years. Ihave been an EMT for over 40 years. (I am currently on medical leave). I was in the first advanced EMT class. I haveserved in leadership positions with theFranklin County Ambulance. I also served as Maintenance and Procurement Officer for15 years. I love this community!

Fred Titensor -I have served in elected office for 12 years in our community as a trustee on our school board. I have a track record of working well with every board member I have worked with. We often have not agreed, but we have kept the discourse civil and worked as a team to better our community. I am committed to Franklin County. I can work well with fellow fire commissioners and fire volunteers. I am willing to collaborate with everyone. I am very familiar with the process of board governance. I can make sure our community has leadership that is congruent with our values.


City Councils

1. What is your vision for your community over the next four years?


Kristin Skinner - Clifton council -We love Clifton for its size, the friendlycommunity, and that we know our neighbors. Growth is good but it needs to be controlled.

David Wand -Clifton council - I would like to see positive planning and involvement in our small community of Clifton, with a focus on creativity and finding our own solutions to future problems, instead of relying on big government for answers.I would also like to help create a few more family-friendly events for our community to enjoy throughout the year.

Tennison Westover-Clifton council -Clifton city has been a great agricultural community formany years. I would want to promote and keep that heritage. Clifton doesn't have to grow to be great, I believe its greatness comes from its small size!

Andrew Clawson - Clifton council- Responses unavailable.


Dee Beckstead - Dayton council -Answer not provided.

Stacey Moser - Dayton council - Answer not provided.


Dee Burgess - Franklin council - I want to see our community grow responsibly and provide a place for families and businesses to prosper. I believe that we need a good mix of business, housing and green space for the community. Our current council has worked diligently to make decisions that meet the current needs and allow for expansion in the future.

Tauma Noel - Franklin council - Answer not provided.

John D. Packer - Franklin council - More unity, more citizens helping citizens, and more people participating in service projects.

Corey Richards - Franklin council -My vision for the city for the next four years is to get the citizens more involved in the community and to get people to become more aware of where their tax dollars are going.

Marilyn Sanchez - Franklin council -Myvision for the community over the next fouryears is to keep Franklin a safe, tight-knitcommunity that helps one another and pitches in where and whenthere is a need.


Mark Beckstead - Preston mayor -My vision for the future of Preston is for this great little communityto be self supporting as much as possible. What I mean by that is a vibrant downtown expanding both directions, enough light industry to keep that sector of workers here in town and businesses here that take advantage of our natural resources. All of these things in balance will keep our kids and grandkids here and also help pay for the services our citizens need and deserve. This coupled with affordable housing for those who need it along with providing opportunitiesfor those who wanttheir space to sprawl planned in the right areas will keep that country feel where needed and infill where it makes sense, will keep us balanced and still a wonderful place to live. To accomplishthis goal we used existing wages from attrition in the public works department as they have become even more efficient, to hire a city economic development director/assistant planner. We also ended the practice of hiring an outside firm for engineer/city planner services and hired a full time person for this position. The city gets so much more and actually saves tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars dependingon the year. These two working with the appointedcomprehensive plan committeeare working on updating the plans for the future.

Tonia Brown - Preston council -My vision is to see that our senior community members can take life with ease instead of worrying Where do I go now? Can I afford to live in my house? As far as I know there is only one area for senior housing and being part of the senior/handicap community I know its tough on limited benefits.

Brent Dodge - Preston council -As a member of the city council, I want to preserve the love residents feel for our fine community. I want to build on the wonderful traditions Preston is recognized and known for (e.g. the Easter Egg Hunt, the Rotary Fireworks, That Famous Preston Night Rodeo, the Downton Trick-Or-Treat, and the Festival of Lights). I want to be a part of the citys growth and help ensure its sustainable future.

Daniel M. Keller - Preston mayor - I have always considered myself blessed to have been born and raised in Preston. Additionally, I have been fortunate to have been employed for over 30 years on Main Street in Preston. Additionally my wife Pam and I have raised eight children in this community, who have all attended Preston schools and were involved in civic, recreational, occupational and service activities here. Five of our eight children have obtained stable employment in Cache Valley and I believe that being able to raise our children and grandchildren in this areas favorable lifestyle circumstances is also a blessing.

My vision for Preston is to work to preserve and enhance Prestons rural, clean, and safe community lifestyle so that our families, (if they so desire), can also experience the fortunate circumstances my family has realized.

Preston is experiencing unprecedented growth with new residents recognizing all that our community has to offer. Growth is a challenge, and it is important that it is managed in an efficient manner. Growth places demands on our infrastructure, and I believe that it is important that the demands on services are not inappropriately placing strains on our senior citizens or other residents who live on fixed incomes.

Terry Larson - Preston council - I am often approached by visitors or new families to the community about what an amazing community we live in, and how great the people here are. While this has nothing to do with city government, it is something that I hope never changes. As far as my vision for the next four years, I would like to see us continue to improve the streets in town. Some will get by with some minor repairs, or a chip and seal. Others are past the point of repair and will need a total overhaul. We also still have some water and sewer lines that need to be replaced or repaired to get us to a better point with our infrastructure. These things must be taken care of to insure a healthy and safe community.

Brad Wall - Preston council -Preston is a great place to live, work, recreate and raise a family. My vision for the next four years would be to enhance those very things that already make this a great community. The seeds for this vision have already been planted through the actions that I have been a part of during my current term as a council member. Elected officials come and go at the will of the people and as such the impact they have on the future of the community is realized through the policies that they adopt and the staff that they build to carry out those policies. I have been pleased to be a part of a council that has been forward thinking in accomplishing that very thing. We have equipped our public works department with tools that make their jobs safer and more effective. The police officers we have hired are top shelf and well equipped and trained to serve and protect. We have hired top notch staff to assist and carry out the work of engineering, planning and economic development and our city office personnel are doing a great job. Our approach has been to amend current policy and adopt new policy that makes it easier for private and commercial growth while protecting the things that make our city great. I would like to see us continue to update the comprehensive plan which is work that is currently taking place. I would also like to see more community involvement in voluntary service. It is through the service clubs that many great and important activities are carried out, such as the addition of the splash pad and new playground at the city park, the maintenance and upkeep of the public pavilions in the city park, fireworks show, roadside cleanup, feeding the hungry through the community food bank and the Christmas food baskets and the list goes on and on.


Sarah Layland - Weston council -I am currently ending my two-year term on the Weston City Council this year and look forward to serving the town of Weston for another term. I have enjoyed working with the current mayor and council members. We have battled some tough issues, and I feel that the outcome of these issues has been in favor of the citizens.

Scott Russell Vahsholtz - Weston council - Vision for the next 4 years is keeping Weston's growth undercontrol so we don't out grow the latest water project the city has undergone with the new tank we have in place. Helping the city events coordinator Janie Gundersen-Vahsholtz continue to grow our 24th celebration and Xmas eve with Santa making those events the best they possibly can be every year.

2. What do you think are the main issues facing your community right now? and, in the future?


Andrew Clawson - Clifton council-Answer not provided.

Kristin Skinner - Clifton council -The water issue is the main concern right now. We need to get more water so we have enough for the current residents. and, in the future? We need to control the growth so we dont have this problem again in the future.

David Wand -Clifton council - The biggest issue that Clifton is facing right now is a lack of water to support the community and the families that would like to call Clifton home.

Tennison Westover-Clifton council -I feel that the main issue that we as the city of Clifton are facing is the lack of communication between the council and thecommunity, with information about the topics and time of meetings not being readily available to the public.


Dee Beckstead - Dayton council -Our city has no water available for new homes. We need to be careful about how fast we let growth come. We need to keep our small town feeling that we love.

Stacey Moser - Dayton council -Answer not provided.


Dee Burgess - Franklin council - One of the main issues we face now and in the future is the water system. It has been a major issue for Franklin and the surrounding communities. We believe that our current plan with the rebuilding of the pipeline to the springs will bring us enough water to last us many years. However, water will always be a big issue if we are growing, so we must be diligent in managing our water resources.Another issue is growth. How do we manage the growth of the city and providing the services citizens want while managing the associated costs? This is an ongoing issue that will always be an issue, so you must think about how the city will look in the future when making decisions that affect the citizens. Do we have the resources and how will we deploy them to the best possible use?

Tauma Noel - Franklin council - Challenges in our community in my opinion are, growth, road issues, traffic control, lack of time from the sheriffs office without having to pay more money for it.

John D. Packer - Franklin council - Deteriorating sidewalks, road maintenance, communication between citizens and city council members, and community unity. Uncontrolled spending.

Corey Richards - Franklin council -I believe one of the biggest issues facing our community right now is the lack of accountability for both city officials and city employees. In the future I feel strongly that we need to have more transparency, especially as the city population continues to grow.

Marilyn Sanchez - Franklin council - I feel the main issues facing Franklin are too much political bias and bullying towards the community and its citizens. There is too much greed and looking out for oneself vs. looking out for the community and its members who are the backbone of this community.


Mark Beckstead - Preston mayor -The main issue facing Preston is a very common problem all over the state. This issue is aginginfrastructure sewer, water and roads.

Tonia Brown - Preston council - One of the issues I see is school resource officers. Great idea except one of the deputies from the Preston elementary school to the junior high then up to Dayton to West Side. We have another officer who is over Preston High School. I see that we need an officer in each school for the safety of our students and our officers. I am also hoping to continue street striping down East Oneida. Not sure why it stops at First North.

Brent Dodge - Preston council -I believe the biggest problem Preston faces is its aging infrastructure. The city has been mandated to improve and enlarge its existing wastewater treatment plant. Additionally, many of the citys waterlines are in need of maintenance and repair. I want to find solutions to these problems that are sustainable, environmentally sound, and budget-friendly.

Daniel M. Keller - Preston mayor - I believe that it is important that Preston NOT become a bedroom community which requires most of our labor force to commute for meaningful employment. Most, if not all, similar communities in our geographical area have a downtown business district that is dying. Fortunately, Preston has numerous wholesale and retail businesses that draw residents from neighboring communities in our area.

However, the experimental main street diet has been detrimental to Prestons commerce. Sales tax and fuel taxes are primary revenue sources for city governance, and it is imperative that Preston grow this tax base to be able to appropriately pay down the citys $3 million in indebtedness and reduce property tax burdens for its citizens.

Terry Larson - Preston council- The construction of a new wastewater treatment plant and secondary municipal water source, coupled with increased residential growth, and stagnant commercial and industrial growth.

Brad Wall - Preston council -The maintenance and expansion of our infrastructure is the biggest issue that we face now and into the future. Most of the water and sewer lines that service our community are aged and prone to failure. Our sewer treatment plant is running at near capacity, but more urgent is the fact that it is out of compliance with DEQ mandates for emission. Our roads are also aging and many are in need of repair and reconstruction. We lack a second source of culinary water to safeguard us in the event of some catastrophic failure of our current source.


Sarah Layland - Weston council -With the water project almost behind us, I am eager to start other projects to improve our town. Im looking forward to the remodeling of the old city hall building and want to be a part of seeing that project through to the end. Weston Citys sidewalks, curbs and gutters, and storm drainage systems have been neglected for years now.

Scott Russell Vahsholtz - Weston council - The main issues in our community I hope will be brought to the councils attention throughout the next 4 years directly from our citizens, because I intend to listen to our community and do all I can to keep our town out of as much debt aspossible.

3. What is your plan to handle those issues?


Andrew Clawson - Clifton council-Answer not provided.

Kristin Skinner - Clifton council -Open communication is key. Regulations need to be set and then they need to be followed.

David Wand -Clifton council - For the water issue, I would tirelessly work with the other members of the Clifton council in finding the least expensive and the least invasive way to increase our city's water supply for our community.

Tennison Westover-Clifton council -I want the public to have access to all the information that the council has if they so desire. I would try to have the meeting times and topics up weeks before the meeting so everyone has a chance to say their input.


Dee Beckstead - Dayton council -We have been working hard on funding to drill a new well. I am excited to have water so we can make hookups available again.

Stacey Moser - Dayton council -Answer not provided.


Dee Burgess - Franklin council - I plan to continue helping oversee the building of the pipeline, bringing it on board as quickly and efficiently as possible. We seem to be getting more requests for building, and as a council, we need to be aware of the current and future demand on the system so it can handle what the city needs in the future. This was a necessary, but expensive project, so we need to be good stewards of the resources and help maintain them for future use.I would like to see some changes in the growth plan as far as future development is considered to increase the amount of green space required. I think it is necessary to plan for future development of spaces for our children. I will be working on these and other issues with the other council members.

Tauma Noel - Franklin council - I believe the Franklin City council members would be better at communication without bias against each other or management. We have great people in the positions, but I feel we need a change, if only to communicate better.

John D. Packer - Franklin council - Budget for and repair 7 to 10 sections of sidewalks each year. Use more preventative maintenance on the roads. Urge more people to come to city council and advertise dates and times more. Encourage citizens to participate in what I like to call service with a councilman project. Closer monitoring of spending.

Corey Richards - Franklin Council -I plan to encourage more community involvement with decisions that are made that affect our citizens. We need better attendance by the public at city council meetings. This allows people to ask questions and gain clarification directly from the city officials that are making decisions and implementing policies that impact citizens of the community. I would like people to be more proactive to better our city.

Marilyn Sanchez - Franklin council - My plan to handle these issues is to listen to the citizens of this community and make changes that benefit everyone, not just one's self. I would like to bring the heart back into the council that governs our amazing community and its citizens. We can't let greed and big city ways take over Franklin. People move to Franklin because of its small town feel and the tight-knit community. We do not need to become a big city within which brings greed and corruption and crime. We need to look out for and represent the entire community of Franklin.


Mark Beckstead - Preston mayor -A couple of years ago we put an infrastructurecommitteetogether and asked them to work with our city engineer and treasurer to identify our main issuesand then prioritize them into a five, ten and twenty year plan concerningwater and sewer. We also asked them to research and give us ideas on how to meet the needs. This gave us a plan to work fromand we are making slow but steady progresstowards those goals. As to the roads issue we have put a priority on preventativemaintenanceas this will save us literally millions and millions of dollars in the future. The council and city treasurer have done a masterful job in budgeting to get as much as possible done so that we can save that money in the future. We have acquiredsome new equipment that will help our public works department be able to do much of this needed work, again saving the city money.

Tonia Brown - Preston council - Id like to see a better budget for hiring an officer for each school. Franklin County is down an officer due to transfer to resource officer. Preston Police Department was down three officers but have just hired two new officers and is still down one for resource duty. This would cut down the over time and risk of harm to our officers due to overworking. I would like to work out a plan with Mr. Mayor, the Chief of Police, Sheriff, Preston/Franklin County officers, Road & Bridge, Council members then present to the community of Preston. Would also like to request suggestions from the community.

Brent Dodge - Preston council - As a member of the city council, I plan to enlist the help of the residents, city engineer, economic development director, city employees, community groups and other competent professionals to study the issues we face and make informed decisions that best serve our community.

Daniel M. Keller - Preston mayor - During my 38-year commercial banking career, I have had the opportunity to work with numerous types of businesses located in communities within the five southeast counties of Idaho and assist them in their financial needs. In fact, it has been a privilege for me to assist scores of Preston entrepreneurs in their capital needs. Given my experience, I believe that immediate action can be taken to encourage entrepreneurs to locate and/or expand to the Preston area which will ultimately improve and increase the communitys opportunities and revenue base.

Terry Larson - Preston council- I feel that these four things correlate very closely with each other. It has been mandated by the DEQ that we must build a new waste water treatment facility. It is also critical that we have a secondary municipal water source. This costs a lot of money, and is necessary to do. So where do we get the money? This falls back to the residents and the businesses. The best way to ease the individual burden is to increase the number of residential and commercial tax payers into the tax base. We have been working to incentivize commercial and industrial growth. We need to continue with these because what industry adds to the tax base has a greater positive impact than each individual residence. We need to continue looking and applying for grants to help offset the overall cost to the residents.

Brad Wall - Preston council -Many things have already been done or are in planning stages to address these important issues. We have prudently used our available resources to do much work with the roads, including rebuilding roads that were beyond repair and crack sealing and chip sealing a sizeable amount of our road surfaces. The two transmission water lines from the storage tanks to the distribution system have been replaced over the last 4 years and is nearly all paid for. We are currently waiting for the engineering study to help us determine the correct course of action to remediate the shortcomings of our current sewer treatment plant. The rate increases in public utilities will provide the revenue necessary to finance these much needed infrastructure updates and repairs. Increasing rates on utilities is tough on all of us and is not pleasant but I am in favor of it because we really have no choice if we want to maintain our current standard of living. I am in favor of continuing to research available grant monies to help with these major projects.

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Oct 16th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Safely

It is a moral and technical failure in a world where hunger and malnutrition have yet to be eradicated

Few issues have generated as much public interest in recent years as food loss and waste, widely agreed to be a moral and technical failure in a world where hunger and malnutrition have yet to be eradicated.

In 2011, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN) ignited public awareness of this with a report, produced with the Swedish Institute for Food and Biotechnology.

This report estimated that one-third of the food produced globally is never eaten. That figure and the research underlying it remain widely cited today.

That was eight years ago. FAO has been working hard since to tailor pilot programmes in the field and to improve practical understanding of how to make it possible to reduce food loss and waste as pledged in Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 12.3.

We have developed the Food Loss Index, which will allow countries to measure the amount of food lost after harvest and through storage, transportation and processing but not including the retail level where loss formally becomes waste, which is under the remit of UN Environment. Solid and comparable data are needed, both to monitor progress and to identify best practices.

This years State of Food and Agriculture Report (SOFA) is devoted to mapping concrete and viable ways so that we can actually cut food loss and waste rather than just decry them.

We have a new number: 14 per cent. Thats the updated estimate for global food losses. Keep in mind that available data is quite fragmented and that as its quality improves which it must the estimate could be revised.

This number should not be compared with the 2011 assessment as weve sharpened our methodology to include factors such as economic value and nutrition it turns out that micronutrient losses due to food loss and waste are disproportionately high.

Also, food waste is not included in the loss estimate, and we know the figure for that can be very high, due largely to poor household management skills in wealthier countries and to energy and storage inadequacies in poorer countries. Estimates for food waste range from a few percentage points to as high as one third, depending on the country.

One striking fact revealed in the SOFA 2019 report is that food losses often occur in places where hunger is more prevalent. That points to a clear urgency in tackling its causes.

That said, there is no magic formula that relates food loss and waste to hunger. Access to food and its affordability, not availability per se, is a prime cause of undernutrition.

Moreover, if lower loss and waste led to lower demand, rural smallholders could face further income restraints that would worsen their dietary situation. On this note, emphasis should be given to efforts and incentives to link reduced food loss and waste with improved food quality such as reducing aflatoxin in maize that can raise market price premiums and farm incomes.

FAOs close review of what we know about food loss offers a reminder that there is no one-size-fits-all solution. For example, cassava, a staple in much of the tropics, perishes much more quickly than potatoes in temperate regions do.

Practically, it is wiser to formulate public interventions aimed at reducing food loss and waste to broader objectives, particularly goals related to natural resources and climate change. Agriculture has a major footprint in terms of the worlds water and land use and in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, so anything we produce but dont eat has a negative impact beyond our dietary needs.

As SOFA outlines with trends organised by region and food types where food insecurity and natural resource strains are prominent, interventions early in the food-supply chain are more effective, while trimming waste at the consumer and retail level are the best strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

While FAOs new Food Loss Indicator is a clear tool for making member states and stakeholders accountable, it is also designed to make it easier for all countries to draw a clearer picture of their local situations and identify value-chain bottlenecks and critical loss points where action can leverage the most efficient gains. Investments think storage and logistic facilities but also a slew of coherent and integrated incentives and knowledge inputs will be required.

We hope the indicator will also help catalyse the production of more data. Current estimates can vary enormously and cover too few food crops and types.

FAOs goal is to help member states achieve their pledge and improve peoples lives. Its time for action and in particular viable actions on SDG12 and the target of reducing food loss and halving food waste by 2030. Theres a lot of work to do, yet also a lot of collateral benefits to harvest.

Mximo Torero Cullen is Assistant Director-General, Economic and Social Development Department of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

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Oct 16th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Safely

Recent headlines and a new study seem to suggest that weve overturned nutrition science and eating recommendations once again this time around red and processed meat consumption. If it feels like we cant make up our minds about how to eat well, its because weve been here before. There are many examples, but probably few as extreme as butter and eggs, which have been through the same back and forth. But before you reach for the red and processed meat, butter and eggs, lets take a look at why nutrition science keeps getting turned on its head, and what you need to know about these standard American diet staples.

To meat or not to meat? In a new analysis of previously published research, study authors suggest theres no need to cut back on red or processed meat. However, this report isnt based on new science or information. The team of researchers argue that previous research is weak, and that since people enjoy red and processed meat, theyd find it difficult to stop eating it. Therefore, they conclude: Dont bother trying. Instead, they suggest eating red and processed meat in the amount youre currently eating.

This conclusion has been massively refuted by other health authorities and organizations, including the Harvard School of Public Health and the American Institute for Cancer Research. In essence, its total bologna! Nutrition is an imperfect science because much of what we know comes from a type of study known as an observational study. To help you understand why these (and other diet-related) studies seem so conflicting, Im going to break down some research basics. Stick with me! Well get to the bottom of all of this!

The most well-regarded diet-related observational studies are conducted by following people (often hundreds of thousands of them) over an extended period of time (often decades), collecting dietary recalls every so often, and then determining who develops health problems. From there, researchers can see if theres a link between a certain dietary pattern (say, high in red meat) and a disease (say, heart disease). But these studies arent meant to prove any cause and effect (for example, that red meat causes heart disease). Theyre only looking at trends for instance, that people with diets especially high in red meat are more likely to experience heart disease compared with non-meat eaters. (Note, Im not citing any study specifics here, but using these examples for illustration purposes.)

Another form of observational study matches people with the disease (lets stick with heart disease) to a similar set of people who are healthy. They might look back, asking study participants questions about their diet or other lifestyle factors to see if any trends emerge. This type of data points us in the right direction, but there are obvious issues with asking people to recall how often they typically ate something or participated in another behavior in the past. Still, these studies help scientists connect the dots between a potential behavior (lets go with eating red meat again) and a health phenomenon.

A more rigorous study is called a randomized clinical trial. This type of research design is considered the gold standard because it can prove one thing causes another thing. Though its a great way to study certain scientific questions, its not necessarily the most practical way to address the link between diet and disease since diseases may take years upon years to surface and these studies involve a more controlled (and therefore, costly) set up. Thats why its common though not perfectto use observational studies to inform us about diet and health.

So in essence, what this new report says is that observational studies dont give us strong enough evidence to suggest that people who enjoy eating meat should stop eating it. However, when multiple observational studies make the same links, it strengthens the case. And we do have many studies along these lines suggesting that red and processed meats are associated with health problems. Also, we cant ignore the science on other dietary patterns, like the Mediterranean Diet, which is limited in red and processed meat in favor of a more plant-based eating pattern with smaller amounts of animal protein. Studies consistently link this eating pattern with health benefits, which are important to consider when assessing the big picture and making health recommendations.

Bottom line: Theres nothing new to report here, other than the fact that this new analysis opened up Pandoras box (and created a lot of confusion) by interpreting the previously reported and well-established data another way. Experts and health organizations are aligned on this: Its still a smart idea to reduce your red meat intake and really curtail your processed meat consumption in order to reduce your risk of cancer, heart disease and type 2 diabetes.

Based on what we currently know about eggs, most healthy people can safely consume up to seven eggs per week, be it a three-egg omelet twice a week or a hard boiled egg every day. The concern with eggs stems from the fact that theyre high in cholesterol and theres a link between high blood cholesterol and heart disease. However, over time, weve learned that the cholesterol from food sources doesnt impact the cholesterol in your blood. So in 2015, the U.S. Dietary Guidelines noted that current evidence doesnt support concerns with cholesterol coming from dietary sources, such as eggs. At that time, the U.S. Dietary Guidelines stopped recommending cholesterol limits.

A recent study gave rise to questions about this direction. This type of study, known as a meta-analysis, pooled data from previous studies in order to get a potentially broader picture of risk. Pooled data can strengthen our understanding of certain things, but in this case, there were flaws in how egg consumption was assessed. The studies from which the data was pooled used a single food recall to determine egg consumption, which I mentioned earlier is problematic for obvious reasons. Though food recall is an important tool to help scientists on their fact-finding mission, its not the most conclusive tool. Plus, while this study looked at other sources of cholesterol and saturated fat in the diet, along with other lifestyle factors (like exercise patterns) that might contribute to someones heart disease risk, it didnt account for these factors in a meaningful way.

Bottom line: How you eat your eggs matters as much as how often and how many youre eating. To protect your heart and lower the risk of other serious health concerns, rethink common sides, like bacon, sausages and white toast. Instead, focus on heart-healthy accompaniments, like sliced avocado, salsa, black beans, whole grain toast, roasted sweet potatoes and sauted greens. If you want to bolster egg-based dishes without going over the seven-egg-per-week cutoff, use a mix of egg whites with whole eggs since its the yolk that contains all of the cholesterol (though it also contains most of the other nutrients as well).

Not necessarily, but its probably not as harmful as we once thought. The concern with butter comes from the fact that its high in saturated fat, which was thought to raise blood cholesterol levels and therefore, increase your risk of cardiovascular disease. But we now know that the story behind saturated fat is more complex. Some sources, like red meat, are still suspect (though health risk may also be related to other compounds in red meat) whereas other sources (like full fat dairy products) are now considered less risky.

That said, while butter may not raise your risk of health problems in and of itself, it doesnt appear to lower your risk, either. But other fats, like avocado oil and extra virgin olive oil have been found to be health protective so your overall diet should emphasize these types of plant-based fats.

Bottom line: If you want to spread a little butter on your whole grain toast and are otherwise eating wholesome foods and healthy fats, its probably fine. But make avocado and extra-virgin olive oil your go-to cooking oils and emphasize other healthier fats (such as nuts and seeds and their butters) in meals and snacks.

Heres what weve covered: Nutrition is an imperfect science and theres some discomfort in that. Because of the way we study diet patterns and health phenomena, we might not get the most conclusive info. But we can gather a lot of evidence that points us in a solid direction. Just about all of that evidence tells us that your overall dietary pattern matters more than one thing (like butter or red meat) on your plate. The dietary pattern thats consistently linked with the best health outcomes longer, healthier lives with limited pain and illness, and fewer memory problems is one thats rich in plant foods. Those are foods, like vegetables, fruits, pulses (the umbrella term for beans, legumes and lentils), whole grains (like oats, bulgur, quinoa and brown rice), and healthy fats from plant sources, like nuts, seeds, avocados and olives (as well as all of their butters and oils).

In addition to what youre emphasizing, its important to think about what foods to limit and what swaps youre making to replace those gaps in your diet. A healthy eating pattern is low in red meat and very low in processed meat, and it contains few refined grains, heavily processed snack foods, and foods with added sugars. That means swapping your steak for pizza or fried chicken with French fries isnt a trade up.

However, if your plate contains generous portions of veggies and youre routinely consuming wholesome plant-based foods and fats, a weekly lean steak dinner along with a baked potato with a pat of butter can be OK.

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Oct 14th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Safely

U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper told CBS News Face the Nation Sunday that the administration was preparing a deliberate withdrawal of the remaining 1,000 troops stationed in northern Syria as safely and quickly as possible. The Daily Beast first reported Friday that claims made by President Donald Trump that troops had been withdrawn were untrue. The president said on Wednesday, We are out of there. Weve been out of there for a while. No soldiers whatsoever. He made the same claims on Twitter Thursday, writing, We have no soldiers in Syria.But two U.S. officials contradicted the president, confirming to The Daily Beast that the U.S. military had only pulled back from northern Syria, not pulled out, abandoning two small observation posts in the area Turkey then invaded. Esper told CBS that if U.S. troops are fired on, they will engage, saying they have the right to self defense and we will execute it if necessary.

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Oct 14th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Safely

Stevia is a natural sweetener that is supposed to be sweeter than sugar. It is native to South America and the Guarani tribes of Paraguay have been using this since ancient times. It is basically a bushy shrub that also goes by the names of honey leaf plant and sweet chrysanthemum. Today, it is grown in many parts of the world. The leaves of this plant can be used to give a sweet flavour to food and drinks. You can easily grow this plant at home and use the leaves to sweeten your morning cup of tea. Or, you can buy it from the market in liquid, powder or granulated form.

An interesting fact about this herb is that, despite being extremely sweet, it does not increase blood sugar levels of diabetic patients. They can safely use this natural sweetener to add sweetness to their diet. A study at the University of Leuven, Belgium, says that stevia stimulates a protein that is essential for our perception of taste and is involved in the release of insulin after a meal.

According to researchers, the active components of stevia extract, stevioside and steviol, stimulate the ion channel TRPM5. The proteins known as ion channels are a kind of microscopic pathway through which minuscule charged particles enter and leave the cell. These channels are behind many processes in the body, they say and add that TRPM5 is first and foremost essential for the taste perception of sweet, bitter, and umami on the tongue. The taste sensation is made even stronger by the stevia component steviol, which stimulates TRPM5. This explains the extremely sweet flavour of stevia as well as its bitter aftertaste.

Researchers say that TRPM5 ensures that the pancreas releases enough insulin. Therefore, it helps prevent abnormally high blood sugar levels and the development of type 2 diabetes. They conducted experiments on mice and saw that a high-fat diet over a long period of time along with a daily dose of stevioside negates the risk of diabetes in mice with TRPM5. But stevia did not have this protective effect on mice without TRPM5. Hence, researchers concluded that this indicates that the protection against abnormally high blood sugar levels and diabetes is due to the stimulation of TRPM5 with stevia components. They are hopeful that these findings will open up doors for the development of new treatments to control or possibly prevent diabetes.

Stevia is a low-calorie herb that can be used without any fear of weight gain. It is also sweeter than sugar as mentioned earlier. This is a non-carbohydrate glycoside compound with a long shelf life. Stevia can be easily stored at any temperature and it does not ferment. It is a rich source of sterols and antioxidants like flavonoids, triterpenes and tannins. The presence of chlorgenic acid in this herb helps in keeping blood sugar levels down.

Stevia is natural alternative to sugar and is a good choice for diabetics and weight watchers. It also comes with quite a few health benefits. Let us take a look at a few of them.

Stevia contains the contains a non-carbohydrate glycoside compound called stevioside. When this compound breaks down in the body, the gut bacteria absorbs the glucose-containingparticles and prevents it from entering the bloodstream. This ensures that your blood sugar level remains stable. Hence, this is a perfect sweetener for diabetic people.

Obesity is rampant today and there is an urgent need to control this disorder. Despite being sweeter than sugar, there stevia is very low in calories. You can add it to your desserts and cookies without worrying about gaining weight. It can also be safely added to kids diet to satisfy their sweet cravings without increasing their risk of weight gain. If you want to lose weight, you must make the switch from sugar to stevia.

This herb contains powerful antioxidants and this makes it a potent anti-cancer food item. It is particularly useful in prevention of pancreatic cancer. In fact, the presence of the antioxidant, kaempferol, can reduce your risk of pancreatic cancer by almost 23 per cent.

Stevia contains glycosides that rejuvenates and dilates the blood vessels, stimulate urination and aid in the removal of excess sodium from the body. Because of these actions, there is less pressure on the cardiovascular system. This helps in keeping blood pressure levels stable. It offers protection to the heart and reduces your risk of heart attacks and strokes.

This is a non-toxic herb. But if you are a diabetic, consult your doctor before using stevia as it may interact with your diabetes medication. Excessive intake of raw stevia may have an adverse effect on your kidneys and reproductive system. It may also affect your cardiovascular health. This non-nutritive sweetener may also be harmful for beneficial gut bacteria and may cause metabolic diseases in some people.

If you are growing your own stevia, avoid using it if you are pregnant. But the refined version is comparatively safer. Some people may be allergic to this herb. They may experience diarrhoea, nausea, abdominal cramps and also bloating. At times, it may induce dizziness in some people. But it is generally safe if you have it in moderation.

Published : October 12, 2019 2:52 pm | Updated:October 12, 2019 2:53 pm

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Oct 14th, 2019 | Filed under Diet Safely